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The Search for John Mason
Unsorted Records in England
It is noted in the records of London that Francis Mason, of St. Leonard, Shoreditch, Middlesex, drawer, and Anne Brokeman, of St. Botolph, Aldgate, London, widow of John Brokeman, late of same, yeoman, general license to marry granted March 13, 1592/93.
In April, 1620, John Mason of Westminster, cordwainer, with John Dassel of Westminster, yeoman, Luke Bateman of Westminster, butcher, all posted bonds for the appearance of John Dassell for beating and abusing Alice, wife of John Robinson of Westminster.
In February, 1621 John Mason of Westminster, yeoman, John Darcell of Westminster, poulterer, and John Hamon of Westminster, yeoman gave bond for the appearance of John Darcell at the next sessions and to keep the peace, especially regarding Richard Jones of Westminster, yeoman.
In 1635 at Preston, Lancashire Richard Balfour, blacksmith, John Singleton, dyer, John Mason, hempdresser, James Scoles, hempdresser, John Reade, dyer, and John Gokerodger, shearman, required to keep the peace to Henry Barton.
In 1626, as noted in the Calendars of Charles I, a grant to William Geeres of the office of Surveyor of his Majesty’s Dresser and Chamber, to attend upon his Majesty’s diet, with an allowance of 18d per diem, for life, in the room of Sackville Mason. That same year, a grant was give to John Mason, on of his Majesty’s Musicians, for the wind instruments, in the room of Thomas Mason his father, deceased, of a fee of 20 d. per diem, and 1 pounds 2 shillings, 6 pence per annum for livery, for life.
In 1630 the Calendars of Charles I note a grant to Edmund Mason, D. D. one of his Majesty’s Chaplains of the Deanery of Sarum, vacant by the promotion of Dr. John Bowle to the see of Rochester, and dierects the Chapter of Salisbury that Edmund shall be admitted to a stall in the choir, and a voice in the Chapter. In 1662 Edmund Mason and his wife Elizabeth Mason, of Halford, Warwickshire, Carr Coventry, of London and Richard Cherry, of Cassington, Oxfordshire, of the first part, and Thomas Mason, of Saint Pulchers, London, of the second part concerning a messuage known as Shawhill House in Hanley Castle. Thomas Mason of London died in 1665 and left his lands in Hanley Castle to his wife, Sarah. In 1684 Thomas Mason, of New Inn, Middlesex, sold a cottage known as Shaw Hill House to William Gibson, of Shottery, Stratford on Avon. In 1694, William Mason, of Forster Lane, London, leased to Sir Nicholas Lechmere, messuages and related property in Hanley Castle previously in the possession of Thomas Mason.
Also in the Calendars of Charles I, in 1630, Thomas Taylor and Elizabeth, his wife, and their sixteen children, petitioned that Mr. Noy, Mr. Mason, and Mr. Lenthall should be assigned them for Counsel in the conflict they had with Sir Kenelm Digby, Sir Henry Wallop, the Sheriff, and Sir John Savage, who had conspired to take all that they owned, their land, and goods.
The London Port Books note that in 1633 Edward Mason shipped 400 wt of tobacco.
Petition of John Mason, and Lidia, his wife, late wife and administratrix of Roger Feest, deceased, to the House of Commons in 1645.
In October, 1667 the captain of The Henrietta, Captain John Tyrwhitt wrote to the Navy Commissioners that John Mason was a most dirty fellow, having run away from his ship, and since had acted as a mutineer.
In 1606 the will of William Waltham als Mason of London, gentleman, notes his brother Richard, many cousins and in-laws, but no wife or children. Then in January, 1610 the will of Rose Mason als Waltham, late of Shimplinge, widow was filed. It notes William Mason als Waltham, her eldest son; son John Mason; son Richard Mason; daughter Rose, wife of Roger Mayhewe; daughter Margaret, wife of John Thurnoll of Stnasfield; he late husband Mr. Richard Mason als Waltham; daughter Bridget, and youngest daughter, Rebecca. Also noted was brother Henry Lessey, Clerk. William Gilbert, Clerk, son in law was also noted in the will of William Waltham als Mason. Another son in law was Thomas James.
Will of John Mason of Mashburie, County of Essex, husbandman, proved May, 1657 by Sarah, his widow and executrix. His wife was given Much Waltham for twelve years, and then his eldest son John Mason inherited the land, and was to pay legacies to his sisters Mary, Lydia, and Sarah Masons. His wife was given Stileman’s Croft, in Good Easter, for six years and then his son David Mason was to inherit, and David was to pay his brothers Abraham Arthur Mason and Samuel Mason, five pounds when they reached the age of twenty-one.
In 1645-46, the will of John Darell of Little Chart, Kent left a legacy of 20 shillings to Nicholas Mason. In 1658 is a deed in the Canterbury Archives for Sir John Wollaston and others who purchased property from John Ellis, citizen and merchant tailor of London, and Christopher Darell, esquire, of Calehill. This deed was witnessed by John Mason among others.
In 1655 Sir Edmond Plowden, Lord Earl Palatinate, Governor and Captain-General of New Albion in North America, wrote his will that was filed in 1659. He devised his possessions in America to his son Thomas, and made William Mason, Esquire of Gray’s Inn, his trustee. He directed that he be buried in Ledbury Church in Salop, with brasses of his eighteen children affixed with his pedigree. New Albion lay along the Delaware River between the Dutch and the Swedes in what later was called East and West Jersey. Plowden was briefly in Northampton County, Virginia and St. Mary’s County, Maryland during the early 1640’s where he is noted in the records.
In 1666, John Mason, late of St. Dunstan’s-in-the-West, Middlesex, yeoman, assaulted Charles Gerrard, gentleman, and with a pewter quart pott gave the said Charles Gerrard on the left side of his head a mortal wound, and after nearly a month, Gerrard died. John Mason was acquitted of murder, but was found guilty of manslaughter. He asked for the book, read it and was branded.
New Brentford Parish, Middlesex marriages:
1632 Christopher Mason & Ann Stevans;
1635 William Chappell & Anne Mason, both of Kingston on Thames
1639 Giles Mason of Stanwell & Christian Shoree
Stanwell Parish Middlesex marriages:
1687 John Mason & Mary
Pinner Parish Middlesex marriages;
William Mason & Marie Woodes 1673
1680 John Mason master and captain of the Europa and Jonathon Mason purser of Defiance were paid by the Treasurer of the Navy, Henry Guy.
In 1688 is the record of John Mason of Dents, town mercer, Henry Mason, of Dent, town overseer of the poor, and a George Mason.
In 1690 John Mason gave notice to the constables of Shipton that all horses and soldiers were to be prepared to meet Captain Thomas Ottley at the market place in Shrewsbury on Tuesday, July 15th.
1695 John Mason with Thomas Weadley, and Robert Harrison witness a deed in the sale of a house and ground at North Cave.
Bond of Francis Mason of Duddington to Clement Mason of Duddington yeoman, Isaac Mason of Eastecote, wheelwrighte to Major Rabon of Allesley, April, 1663. (Fletchampstead Clements Waste)
1621 Yorkshire, East Riding: Sir Thomas Clarges, Henry Brooksbank and Captain Francis Mason, Royal Navy appoint Thomas Brace to collect rents in Norton Disney, Lincolnshire for a farm with 157 acre 3 roods 13 perches; messuage and 8 acres 39 perches; messuage and 8 acres 25 perches; messuage and 22 acres 3 roods 34 perches; messuage and 6 acres 32 perches; and parcel (1 acre 377 perches).
Descendents of Baldwin of Carnforth, Lancashire
Baldwin Mason was the father of Christopher, William Richard, Robert, Roger and George Mason.
Richard was the father of John1 Mason and George Mason of Westhouse, who was the father of Lawrence Mason.
John1 Mason was the father of Miles Mason who married a daughter of Geoffrey Otawy. Miles Mason was the father of: John, whose only son, John, died without male heirs; George; Richard; Robert 1, whose wife was the widow of John Sowden, and the father of Robert and Thomas; and William1.
William1, son of Miles, was the father of Miles and Rowland (who died as infants); Christopher and George who died without heirs; Miles, father of Gabriel and five daughters; John2 of King’s Lynn; Lawrence; and Henry, the father of John, George, Miles, and Christopher.
Robert 1 Mason, was the father of Robert who was the father of George Mason of New Windsor, Berkshire. George married Barbara, daughter of John Perkins of Flintshire and their children were:
George; Thomas (in Capt. Mason’s will 1635);
Susan (in Capt. Mason’s will 1635) wife of Thomas Gippes;
Elizabeth (in Capt. Mason’s will 1635) wife of Thomas Greere of Shropshire.
Robert Mason, Dr. of Laws, Chancellor of Winchester, Master of Requests to King Charles I, (noted in Capt. Mason’s will 1635). Dr. Robert Mason married Judith, daughter of Sir Christopher Buckle of Surrey, by Catharine, daughter of Sir Martin Barnham of Kent. They resided at Greenwich. The children of Dr. Robert Mason were: George Mason, the eldest son; Robert; Christopher; Basil; Mansell; Matthew; Katharine; Judith; Elizabeth; Barbara; and Jane. Captain Christopher Mason, born about 1634, was commander of HMS Oxford. His commission was signed by Charles II and Samuel Pepys. He resided in Greenwich. In 1578 John Mason of Deptford, County of Kent, Gentleman, to pay Christopher Mason, of East Greenwich, the sum of ₤10.
During the Civil War, in 1644, Robert Mason was noted as a member of His Lordship’s regiment of horse. (2nd Earl of Denbigh) In 1664, Christopher Mason and Samuel Hyne are noted in connection with Basil, Earl of Denbigh and property in Somerset and Devon.
Robert Mason, druggster and merchant, was one of the aldermen of London during the period 1665 to 1677. He served on the common council from 1665-67, 1670, 1672-75. He married in 1645 Magdalen Hawkins of St. Mary, Woolnoth. He was entered in the Vestry Book of St. Nicholas Acon in 1665 and 1670.
Some of the Mason wills of Lancashire filed in the Archdeaconry of Richmond:
1580 Thomas of Carnforth
1581 Gregory of Wessham 1646 Richard of Carnforth
1589 Anthony of Warton, yeoman 1646 Henry of Carnforth
1599 Thomas of Carnforth, parish of Warton 1647 Anthony of Warton
1601 James of Warton 1675 Richard of Carnforth
1622 Anthony of Warton 1687 Isabel of Carnforth
1623 Isabel of Warton 1673 Christopher of Forton
1628 Miles … 1678 Robert of Forton
In July 1666 it is recoded that Edward Harrison of Carpmell, County of Lancashire, Husbandman married Elizabeth Mason of Carnforth with consent of her father Mason, Husbandman; at St Andrew’s Undershaft of St. Dunstan’s in the East, London.
One messuage, 40 acres of pasture and wood land and 4 cottages known as Magotts, in Greenham, held by knight service by the late Thomas Mason, who died June 8th, 1615 passed in 1637 to Thomas Mason, junior, the son of Henry Mason, brother to Thomas. In 1619 it was stated that his nearest blood relative was William Mason, son of the late John Mason, eldest brother of Thomas.
Sir John Mason of Abingdon, Berkshire
John Mason was born in Abingdon, Berkshire, and was educated by the Abbot of Abingdon, who may have been his uncle. He entered Oxford University, and obtained a Bachelor of Arts, All Souls’ College, obtaining a Master of Arts in 1525. His education was expanded at the Sorbonne in Paris. By 1531 he was at Kyngeston in Salisbury, but soon afterward he entered the service of Henry VIII as a diplomat. In the service of Sir Thomas Wyatt he travelled throughout Europe. In 1540, he was briefly out of favor, being accused of joining Sir John Neville in the Lincolnshire uprising but was released from the Tower and granted a pardon in 1541. After the death of Henry VIII, John also served under Edward VI and was a member of the delegation that negotiated the betrothal of the young English king to Elisabeth, princess of France. Mason was a supporter of Jane Grey to succeed Edward when he was ill. He was a witness to the young king’s will, but Mason joined the Lord Mayor of London in proclaiming for Queen Mary, and abandoned Northumberland’s bid to place a Protestant on the throne. He remained in Queen Mary’s favor and was made Treasurer of the Chamber and Mastership of Posts. He was Member of Parliament in 1554 for Southampton.
In 1550 the Crown granted the manor of Charlton which lay around the hamlet of Charlton and was without Thames frontage to Sir John Mason. He transferred this to Nicholas Thorp of Wanswell Court, the husband of Mason’s niece.
With the ascension of Queen Elizabeth I, Sir John Mason continued to retain his government posts, and was restored to the Deanery of Winchester. He was again seated as Chancellor of Oxford. He managed foreign affairs for the queen. Sir John Mason was buried at St. Paul’s Cathedral in 1566, and did not have any surviving children. His son died in 1559 at the age of 18. He adopted Anthony Wyckes, grandson of his mother through a second marriage, who became his heir, took the name Mason, and had several heirs. His wife, Elizabeth Isely, daughter of Sir Thomas of Sundridge, Kent, and widow of Richard Hill, wine merchant, was the mother of possibly 11 Hill children.
Richard Hill, sergeant of the king’s cellar, were given the dissolved priory of Wintney, the church, steeple, and churchyard, the manor of Hartley Wintney, Hampshire, the rectory and advowson of Hartley Witney, and all the lands in Hartley Wintney and in Winchester, Hants. After Richard’s death, Elizabeth married Sir John mason, and then in 1571, as a widow once more, she exchanged the manor and advowson with Anthony Weekes alias Mason for his interest and term of years in Elvetham, the neighbouring manor. By a deed of 1590 Weekes granted Hartley Wintney Manor to his son John Mason, who sold it to Edward, eleventh Lord Zouche, some years later. Lord Zouche died in 1625, leaving as his co-heirs a daughter Mary, wife of William Connard, and a grandson, Zouche Tate, son of his daughter Elizabeth. From these heirs his cousin Sir Edward Zouche acquired the manor in 1627, and dying in 1634 was succeeded by his son James Zouche.
Samuel More, esquire of Bramshill, declared in 1625 that he held land in trust for Sir Edward Zouch, Marshal of His Majesty’s household, which included several messuages and lands including a capital messuage in Hartley Wintney formerly occupied by John Mason. In 1636 James Mason with George Baker, Thomas Waite and Thomas Lewis (his mark) witnessed the will of Sir John Zouch in Virginia. After Zouch died the will was probated in England.
Robert Mason, Ludlow, Salop
Robert Mason came from a family from Minton in south Shropshire. His father was William Mason who married Joyce, daughter of George Langford, the Registrar of Herford, who had married Alice Cox; then Jane. Robert served as a churchwarden in Ludlow, a bailiff, alnager, and steward of the household to the council in the marches of Wales in 1567/0 under Sir Henry Sidney. Robert’s grandfather had been a merchant in London. In 1548 he paid the church wardens of Ludlow for a grave. He did some work which benefited Ludlow at his own expense and the bailiffs paid him 12s 3d in 1555. He sat as a Member of Parliament at the end of Queen Mary’s reign and two times under Queen Elizabeth. He died in October, 1591 and his will was proved in November.
In 1650 William Mason was noted as lately in possession of one messuage and the lands belonging to it in Bodnam, Herefordshire, in the marriage agreement between Isaac Pennington. Alderman of London and Samuell More of Linley, Salop, Esquire for the marriage of Richard More and Bridgett Pennington. In 1689, Jonathan Mason son of John Mason of Meson in the County of Salop yeoman, was bound to Ellis Cumner for eight years. Isaac Pennington, John Mason, and a large group of individuals were appointed as a committee to set up a militia for the Borough of Southwark and adjacent parishes by Parliament in 1649.
John Mason, Yazor, Herefordshire
It appears that he was born in 1566 in Durham. John Mason matriculated from Merton College, Oxford in 1591 and obtained his BA Corpus Christi College in 1599 and MA in 1603. He is likely the vicar of Yazor in Herefordshire in 1620.
John’s brother was Francis Mason, archdeacon of Norfolk, who was born the County of Durham about 1566. He matriculated at Oriel College, Oxford in 1583. He obtained a BA from Brasenose College in 1586/7 and MA from Merton in 1590. Francis Mason became archdeacon of Norfolk in 1619. He died in 1631 and he was buried at Orford Church where a memorial was erected by his wife. Francis married Elizabeth Price. They were the parents of Elizabeth, 1604; Samuel, 1606; and another not identified.
Another brother was Henry Mason, rector of St. Andrew Undershaft, London. Henry was born at Wigan, Lancashire around 1573, and entered Brasenose College, in 1592. He became rector of St. Matthew’s, Friday Street, London in 1612. He obtained his MA from Corpus Christi College in May, 1603. He was chaplain to Dr. John King, bishop of London and in 1616 he was installed prebendary of Willesden in St. Paul’s Cathedral. In the face of Presbyterian dominance, he retired and removed to Wigan where he was buried in 1647.
John Mason, Nottinghamshire
In 1645, John Mason, gentleman, with Thomas Salisbury were selected to make an accounting for Nottinghamshire, and the city of Nottingham, by parliament. Thomas Woolhouse, esquire conveyed to John Mason of Nottingham, gentleman, and John Stanton of Culworth, Nothamptonshire, gentleman his manor of Glapwell and other property in Glapwell, Scarclif, Palterton, Pleasley, and Huchnall, his manor of Cannonhall and other lands in Cannonhall, Wanstead and West Ham in Essex, which he holds in chief in April, 1634. John Mason of Stubley parish, Dronfield, husbandmand leased for 3 lives a farm and croft called the Barnes Farm in Stubley and closes called the Meadow and Bancke, southcroft, High Storth, Ove and Neither Broadcloses, Birchi and Cunnary, all in Stubley and Dronfield in 1669 from William, Duke of Newcastle.
In 1688 John Mason of Mansfield, innholder, and his wife Anne, late Anne Poyser of Mansfield, widow, to Francis Wyld of Mansfield, gentleman ₤141.1.6 under the hands of Thomas hartsons the elder and the younger of Leicester, executors of Robert Harsone, of the Bishops Fee, near Leicester, gentleman, to whom A. M. (?) lent the principal sum of ₤121. Witnesses Emmanuel Mason, Edmund Station, Joseph Mitchell, Will. Denford, Ben. Sheild, Samuel Stubbs.
John Mason of Durham, Bishoprick, traitor
In November, 1663 a proclamation by Charles II for the apprehension of Capt Mason of Durham, Bishoprick with others for being a traitorous conspirator. Also included in the bill were: Richard Oldred of Duesbury, William Dickenson of Gildersome, Jeremy Mashden of Hughall, .. Marshden his brothers, David Lumley of Hutton-roides, Simson butler of Bingley, John Atkinson called the Stockener, Christopher Dawson of Leeds, Edward Wilkinson of Hounslett, … Fisher, late Preacher of Sheffield, …Richarson commonly called Doctor, Captain mason of Durham Bishoprick, Captain Jones of London, … Palmer, Minister near Nottingham, Captain Atkinson, and Nicholas Locker of Scegby in Nottinghamshire have conspired treason and fled. They are to surrender within 14 days on pain of High Treason. Then, in July, 1664 another bill was posted seeking the arrest of: George Rumford of Durham, Robert Davers alias Danvers; Col. Thomas Wogan, John Mason, late escaped from the Tower of York; William Leving, late escaped from the Tower of London; Edward Cary alias Carew, late escaped from a messenger; Roger Jones; and Nathaniel Strange; engaged in the late Northern conspiracy are lying hid. They are summoned to surrender within 14 days on pain of High Treason.
On April 27, 1667 a Warrant was issued to John Bradley to apprehend Mason and others suspected of corresponding with him, with all arms, papers, writings, etc. belonging to him. In June, 1667 John Mason was ordered taken into custody by the Lieutenant of the Tower for treasonable practices in the company of William Mills. Within a few days of his arrest, Joan Prestwood was given a warrant to see her brother, John Mason, prisoner in the Tower. In July it is recorded that John Bettson wrote to Lord Arlington that he had been to the house where Middleton lodged, and his landlady said he died on Saturday. He received 10 pounds from Williamson on the taking of Captain Mason and Smallridge; 60 pounds was given for Atkinson, and Mason is more considerable; will be satisfied with 40 pounds and his lordship’s favour. He offers further service. On July 27, 1667 John Mascall wrote to Williamson that the guard appointed to conduct Mason and Leving to York were assaulted by 12 horsemen, armed withback, breast, and head pieces, gauntlets, pistols, etc. At the first action, they fired upon the soldiers’ backs, without saying a word, or making any show of force. Most of the guard wre wounded, and Mason made his escape. They had resolved to kill Leving, who is come in, along with the gentlemen that were able to travel, three or four of whom are believed to be mortally wounded. Scott, a citizen of York, being in the soldiers’ company, was outright slain; the rogues had taken such care that they secured all the passes to the field by several footmen, their accomplices. The action was fought between Wentbridge and Darrington. Has the report from the under sheriff who came by desire of the head sheriff to stay the mail, so as to give Lord Arlington full information. Later three of the rescuers were identified as Lockyer, Butler, and Blood by Corporal William Darcy, who was among those carrying Mason to York. In August a proclamation was made offering 100 pound reward for the apprehension of John Lockier, Timothy Butler, Captain Thomas Blood, John Mason and others, the former being those who rescued John Mason at Darrington, near Wentbridge in York, killing and wounding several of the guard. It was suspected that Mason and the others would try to reach London.
Thomas Blood, born in Ireland, fought on the side of Parliament as an officer in Cromwell’s army in Ireland. In 1660 he lost all the lands he had been granted in Ireland by Cromwell, when Charles II was restored. He tried to kidnap James Butler, Duke of Ormonde, and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland at Dublin castle in 1663. Blood fled to Holland when his plan was revealed. In 1666 he fought with Scottish Covenanters at Rullion Green He came back to England and rescued his friend, John Mason. Thomas Blood then attempted again to kidnap the Duke of Ormonde in London. This failed. It is thought that the Second Duke of Buckingham, George Villiers, was behind the kidnapping plot. In 1671 Blood and his son attempted to steel the crown jewels but they were caught and confined in the Tower. King Charles II visited him there and gave him a pardon and a pension!
In September, 1667 the names of six prisoners in Windsor Castle were John Mason, William Luddington, William Heveningham, Henry Martin, and Captain Hand.
John Mason of Ireland
This family was likely descended from Sir John Mason of Sion, Middlesex (Isleworth). Christopher, Henry and Castilian were granted rights over certain ports in south east Ireland around 1622.
Captain Christopher Mason settled in Waterford and married there in 1627. His wife, Margaret, was likely “Wright” and she was from York. Margaret Mason, widow, resided in the City of Waterford in 1645. Their eldest son was the father of John Mason who was Mayor of Waterford and a Member of Parliament. In July, 1680 he was transferred land and houses in Waterford by Arthur St. Leger. He was knighted in about 1697. Sir John Mason was buried in St. John’s Church in Waterford in 1710. This Mason family married into the Villiers family in Waterford.
The younger son of Captain Christopher Mason was the father of Christopher Mason whose son was Robert Mason, Esquire of Masonbrook in Galway.
Castilian Mason was granted lands in Wicklow in 1628 and in 1641, Robert Mason wrote the English Parliament from Wicklow regarding the war in Ireland.
John Mason, Clerk 1642, Canterbury
On May 5, 1642 Mr. John Mason, Clerk, in the yard of the Cathedral Church of Christ, Canterbury, stated when told that the English had given the Irish Rebels three defeats that Parliament put out false news to trick men out of their money, and that Sir Edward Deering’s Petition, he would stab th Heart’s Blood of anyone who spoke against the petition. He then predicted that England would have blood shed before Midsummer-day. The witness stated Mason was distempered with Drink. Mr. Thomas Bridge Grocer, stated that on the 3rd day of May, he saw John Mason, Clerk, parson of the Parish Church of St. Mary Magdalen, in the City of Canterbury, say regarding the good news from Ireland issued by parliament, … That the Parliament did set out these Flams, only to cozen and cheat the Country, and to get their Money.
John Mason, Clerk, 1680, Middlesex
In 1680 in Middlesex, Roger Kemeyes of Clifford’s Inne, Gentleman, swore before Edmond Warcupp, Esquire, a Justice of the Peace, that when at The George in Chancery Lane, John Mason, Clerk, made scandalous remarks about the Duke of Monmouth, “…that the Duke of Monmouth was a valiant Rebel…” and repeated scandalous Verses against the Duke regarding his fight at Maestrict, and then spoke reproachful words against Parliament. John Mason did expressly with (sic) for a Rebellion, and that the King and parliament might disagree; for that he should get much thereby, he having been a Lose by the late Rebellion to the Value of a Thousand Pounds per Annum. Charles Sanderman, the Master of The George was also a witness and confirmed that John Mason, Clerk had spoke against the Duke and Parliament. A Warrant for Mason’s arrest was issued. John was brought before Parliament by the Serjeant at Arms, and expressed sorrow for uttering unbecoming and rash Words derogatory to the Honour of the Parliament, and also of his Grace the Duke of Monmouth: and humbly begged the pardon of both. He received it, and was ordered to pay his fees.
John2 Mason of King’s Lynn (Lynn Regis, Lynn), Norfolkshire
John Mason was included in the lists of the Freemen of King’s Lynn and evidently was first apprenticed to Thomas Wilkinson, Tailor in 1565, and obtained his release in 1575. He married in Yorkshire, Isabel Steed of Yorkshire. Their children are recorded on the register of St. Margaret’s Church, Lynn Regis: Sara in 1583; John in 1586; and Dorothy in 1589. The will of John Mason, of King’s Lynn, merchant, which was dated in January, and proven in March, 1591/92 notes his wife Isabell, son John, this childe my said wiefe is withal; daughter Dorothie, and his brothers’ and sisters’ children.
Will of John Mason 1591
I bequeath the house wherin I dwell to my wife Isabell during her life, with remainder to my son John in tail, and in default to the child yet to be born to me, if it be a man child, otherwise equally between the said child and my daughter Dorathie, and their heirs; and for want of such heirs, it shall remain to John Mason Son of Henrie Mason my brother, in tail male; and in default again the same shall be sold and the money thereof coming divided equally among my brothers and sisters children. I give to John Mason my son, my daughter Dorathie, and the child to be born to me 1000 li. Apiece, to be paid them at their ages of 21. Item, I give to my said children, after the decease of my wife, three of my best feather beds and three pieces of plate. I discharge my brother Henry Mason of all debts due unto me from him unto this present date. Residuary legatee and executrix/ my wife. The witnesses were John Gatesolde, John Collingewood, the younger, John Scott, and John Wentworthe. The estate was substantial. The arms of Captain John Mason, the son indicate that they were granted to a third son, and so he likely inherited them from his father. Dorothie married a More.
John Mason of Westminster, Newfoundland and New Hampshire
Captain John Mason was the son of John Mason of King’s Lynn, (Lynn Regis, Lynn) in Norfolk whose family descended from Baldwin Mason of Carnforth.
John Mason, was matriculated at Madgalene College, Oxford in June, 1602 at the age of 15. In 1606, John married Anne Greene, daughter of Mr. Edward Greene of London, Goldsmith, as recorded in St. Margaret’s, King’s Lynn. In 1607, John Mason, fishmonger, of St. Martin on Thames Street was noted in London.
In 1616 Captain John Mason was made Governor of Newfoundland with Sir Ferdinando Gorges, his partner.
The will of Edward Greene, of St. John Zacharies, London, goldsmith, dated January, 1618/9 notes his daughter Sarah, wife of Shus Greene of Kings Lyn, Norfolk, linen draper; daughter Anne wife of John Mason; Elizabeth Lambert, wife of Edward Lambert, gentleman of Barnstead, Surrey, daughter Rebecca Woolleston, wife of John Wooleston of the city of London, goldsmith, sister Margaret Wood, the dwelling house in Bushe Lane, London and notes the Goldsmiths’ Company of London, and the poor of St. John Zacharies and Christ-church Hospital, London. John Mason resided in Westminster when he died.
In March, 1621 Petition of the Treasurer and Company, with the Scottish undertakers of the plantations in Newfoundland, to the King. By twelve years’ quiet possession, under His majesty’s patent, Newfoundland has become a hopeful country, employing yearly 300 ships, with 10,000 British seamen, and thereby relieving 20,000 more poor people of the western parts of England, who wholly depend thereon for their maintenance. The customs of goods imported produce a yearly revenue of near 10,000 pounds. The country has for many years been infested with pirates, and suffered exceedingly by the disorderly courses of the fishermen. The King’s subjects, both of England and Scotland, are now joined together in hopes of making a more settled plantation there. The petitioners pray for a grant to John Mason, the present Governor, empowering him to act as the King’s Lieutenant in those parts, with two ships or more, as shall be found requisite, and that he may have to defray his charges, five nobles, or 500 dry fish, about the fiftieth part of a boat’s ordinary fishing voyage in the summer.
In 1617 John Mason and Philip Woorgan had gone to Bantam for the East India Company, and they observed that the Dutch sent home eight to nine ships with a cargo of pepper, but Ball, representative of the company, sent only one ship home. Ball had six ships and plenty of money. In 1622 Mason and Woorgan accused Captain Ball of neglecting the Company’s interests. He stated that the English ships rotted, the men died. Mason and Woorgan both stated that there was ample pepper that Ball could have had, and he had the Hope, Hound, and Charles to carry it home in.
In 1622 in the records of Berkshire, is an agreement between Thomas Hopkins of Redrith (Rotherhithe) Surrey County and Sir William Alexander and Sir Robert Mackcleaneane, knights, and John Mason of London, gentleman, who hired Hopkins and a crew to serve in the ship The Planter of London, for a voyage to the north parts of Virginia or New England and back to London. The agreement was witnessed by Robert Newton, servant to Francis Mosse, Notary Public. The London Port Books note that in 1631, Captain John Mason, native exported 3 cwt of lead bird shot, valued at 3₤….
In 1623 Captain John Mason established what was to become the colony of New Hampshire, establishing a settlement at Little Harbor, near Rye. He was one of ten members in the Laconia Company.
In 1624 Sir George Peckham, Knight, Servant to the Earl of Suffolke, requested that John Mason, John Kirkland, Roberte Crosse, John Willington, John Martine, and Robert Bowes be brought to answer to the Lordships of the House.
Treasurer of the Army of King Charles I
Calendars of Charles I
In 1626, a grant to William Geeres of the office of Surveyor of his Majesty’s Dresser and Chamber, to attend upon his Majesty’s diet, with an allowance of 18d per diem, for life, in the room of Sackville Mason. That same year, a grant was give to John Mason, one of his Majesty’s Musicians, for the wind instruments, in the room of Thomas Mason his father, deceased, of a fee of 20 d. per diem, and 1 pounds 2 shillings, 6 pence per annum for livery, for life.
The Calendars of Charles I, note Captain John Mason as Commissary General and then in 1627 Captain John Mason and Captain Robert Mason were in the service of the Duke of Buckingham.
Buckingham was rash, brash, and flamboyant. He was, George Villiers, born in August, 1592, and after an education in France, he was brought to court in 1614 and quickly became the favorite of James I. By 1618 he was the richest man in England, and by 1624 he was the most powerful. The new monarch, Charles I and Buckingham were bent on chastising Spain, and planned a war in Europe. Parliament refused to fund the expedition to Cadiz, which failed in its attempt to capture the Spanish treasure-ships. To find money, Charles I resorted to forced loans and those who refused were sent to prison. Soon England found itself in a war with Spain and France. In June, 1627 Buckingham sailed from Portsmouth with a huge fleet, a large land force, to recover a Rochelle, the Huguenot fortification. He first laid siege to the fort of St. Martin’s on the Isle of Rhe. Out of money, Parliament refused to provide any, and Buckingham was driven out by the French. Of the 7000 he had taken there, only 2,989 returned to England.
Captain Mason served as secretary to the Duke and was much troubled by the difficulty in paying the mariners and soldiers assembled by King Charles I for the expedition to Cadiz and to Rhe. It is noted in 1627 that John Ellzey gave an account to Captain John Mason, Treasurer of the Army at Portsmouth. Captain Robert Mason was among those in the expedition who wrote to Edward Nicholas, Secretary to the Admiralty, regarding the inspection of the fleet at Portsmouth by King Charles, and the disposition of the Duke of Buckingham. Buckingham frequently wrote that Nicholas was an honest man, and in one reference said the same of John Mason.
Also noted in the calendar of King Charles I were other notations regarding the Masons. In March, 1627 at Westminster, a pardon was granted to William Mason for stealing a horse at Newark-upon-Trent. In April, 1627 Secretary Conway wrote to Sir Richard Norton on behalf of Mrs. Mason, widow, that her servants be not pressed, in respect she had nobody else to manage her business. This was likely the mother of either Captain Robert or Captain John Mason.
By 1628 Buckingham was being actively prosecuted by Parliament, when he set sail once more from Portsmouth, for La Rochelle. He was murdered that year by John Felton who had not been paid and had also been passed over for promotion. Buckingham was 36 years old.
In 1634 Mason sent over two mills, and men to set these up in New Hampshire. He had engaged 70 families for settlement in New Hampshire, but died before this was accomplished.
In 1635: Lords of the Admiralty to Sir Henry Marten, Judge of the Admiralty. Require him to have a patent forthwith drawn up for Capt. John Mason, Treasurer to the King’s late armies, to be Vice-Admiral of New England, with jurisdiction between 40 and 48 degrees of North latitude, and to comprise the South Seas, California, and Nova Albion. In June, 1635 there is this notation: The King having signified to the Lords Commissioners for Plantations, that Mason should be Vice-Admiral of New England, Capt. Mason requests that he will get a book drawn for the office, and send it to him at Portsmouth, that he may see it before it is engrosse. Captain John Mason died in 1635 and was likely buried as he requested at the Collegiate Church of St. Peter. This is the same church where Sir John Mason of Abingdon was buried.
The Will of John Mason, 1635 (excerpt)
In the name of God Amen. I Captaine John Mason of London Esqr beinge sicke in bodie but of perfect mynde and memorie (laud and Praise be therefore given to Almightie God) doe make and declare this m present last will and Testament in manner and forme following that is to saie first and principally I Commend my soule into the handes of Almightie god my maker hopeing and assuredlie beleeveing that by and through the merritte of the most pretious death and passion of my lord and savior Jesus Christ I shalbe saved and have full and free pardon and remission of all my sinnes and enjoy everlasting life in ye Kingdome of heaven amongst the elect Children of God. My body I commit to the Earth from whence it came to be buryed in the Collegiate church of St. Peter in Westminster without any funeral pompe or ceremonie. And as concerning all and singuler the goodes chattels debts and personall estate wch it hath pleased God of his mercy to bless me withal in this life (after my debts shalbe paid and my funeral charges discharged) I give devise and bequeath the same unto such person and persons in such manner and forme and under such provisces condicons and lymittacons as are hereafter espressed that is to say
Imprimis I give and bequeath unto five poore people of the Towne or parrishe of Portsmouth in the county of South the some of five pounds to be distributed according to the discrecons of the Church wardens of the said towne or parish for the tyme being and to be paid by my executrix unto the said Churchwardens of the said towne or parrish within One yeare nexte after my decease…
Imprimis I give unto my sister Dorothie More (in case she shalbe in want) for and during the terme of her natural life the yearlie some of Tenn poundes of lawfull money of England to be paid unto her or he assignes At two usuall seats of halfe yearlie payments in the year by even and equal porcons. And I give unto everie of the children of my said sister Dorothie More Sixe poundes a peece of lawfull money of England.
Item I give unto Bettrice Baldwyn the some of five poundes.
Item I give and bequeath unto my brother in lawe Mr. Joshua Green and his wife Mr. Edwar Laber and his wife, Mr. Henrie Buron and his wife, Mr. John Wollaston and his wife, and to my loving cozens Doctor Robert Mason of Greenewich and his wife and mother. To my Cozens Mr. Thomas Geere and his wife to my cosen Thomas Mason, gentleman, and to my cozens Mr. Thomas Gippes and his wife to everie of them fiftie shillings a peece to make them ringes to weare in the remembrance of me. All the rest and residue of all and sigulaer my goodes Chattells ready money debts and personal estate whatsoever and wheresoever (after my ddebts shalbe paid and my legacies and funeral charges discharged) I will that my wife shall have the use therof and of every part thereof and shall receave have and enjoy to her owne proper use all the increase profit and benefit that shalbe made thereby for and during the terme of her natural life. And from and imedialie after the decease of my said wife then I give devise and bequeath the said rest and residue of all and singular my goodes chattelles ready money debts and personall whatsoever unto my foure grandchildren John Tufton, Anne Tufton, Robert Tufton, and Mary Tufton to be equallie devided amongst them part and part like And to be paid to the men children at the sereral ages of One and twenty yeres and to the women children at their ages of One and twenty yeares or dayes of marriage (which shall first happen) And if any of them dye in their minority Then the part or porcon of him her or them so dying shallbe pted and divided unto and amongst the survivors and survivors of my said foure grandchildren respectively. And my wil and mynd is and I doe hereby dvise and appoint that in case my said wife Anne Mason shall dye and depart this mortal life before all my said foure grandchildren shalbe capable to receave have hold and enjoy the severall legacies and bequests before in this my will given and bequeathed unto them and to hold and enjoy the lands and tents hereafter in this my will by me given and bequeathed unto them or to them and their heires respectively. That then and in such case my loveing brother in lawe John Wollaston shall receave the parts and persons of such of my said foure grandchildren as shalbe then in their minority and take possession of such land as I shall in this my will give dives and bequeath unto them and shall imploy the same for the benefit and maintaynaunce of my said grandchildren …. Appoint my said loving brother in law John Wollaston the Overseer of this my last will and testament… and intoken of thankfulness for his love to me I doe hereby give and bequeath unto him my Coach and to Coach horses with the furniture to them belonginge…. …The towne of Kingslyn in the Countie of Norfolk where I was borne …two thousand acres of land in my Count of Newhampshire or Mannor of Mason hall in New England … for the yearelie rent of one penny of lawfull money of England … that the cleere yearlie profit that shalbe made of or upon the said two-housand acres of land shalbe yearlie for ever distributed and disposed of towards the maintenaunce and relief of the poore people of the said towne….
Item I give devise and bequeath unto my loving brother in law John Wollaston … three thousand acres of land… in my County of Newhampshire or Monnor of Mason….
Item I give devise and bequeath unto my grandchild Ann Tufton…. Landes tenements ….lying and being at Capeham of Wagen upon the south east side of Sagada Hocke in Newe England aforesaid called Masonia and conteyning by estimacon Tenn thousand acres….
Item I give devise and bequeath unto my grandchild Robert Tufton … All that my mannor of Masonhall in New England…. And that my said grandchild Robert Tufton shall alter his sirname and sirname himselfe Mason before he shalbe capeable to enjoy the said Mannor and premises….
Item I give devise and bequeath unto my said brother in law John Wollaston …. Two thousand acres of Land in my Count of Newhampshire in New England…. And convey one Thousand acres of the said land …towards the maintenance of an honest godlie and religious Preacher of gods word in some Church or Chappell ….within the said County of Newhampshire…. And One thousand acres …towards the maintenance of a free grammer schoole for the educadon of youth …. Within my said County of Newhampshire…. All the rest and residue of all and singular my mannors Mesuages landes tents …. Lying and being within my said County of Newhampshire or elsewhere in New England aforesaid… I give devise and bequeath…unto my grandchild John Tufton…and the heirs of his body lawfullie to be begotten and for want of such issue to … Robert Tufton, … and for want of such issue to my Cozen Doctor Robert Mason, Chauncellor of the Dioces of Winchester and to the heires males of his body …and for want of such issue … my said wife Anne Mason…. I … appoint my said grandchild John Tufton…to cause to be paid unto my grandchild Mary Tufton his sister out of the said Mannor …. Five hunderd Poundes of lawfull money of England for her better preferment and advancement in marriage…. Witnesses were Thomas Noel, Matthew Mason, J. Fferrett.
The Tufton-Mason Branch
Captain Mason’s only child Ann married Joseph Tufton of Surrey, the son of John Tufton, of Pearmarsh, Suffex. In 1653 Joseph Tufton, as Joseph Mason, petitioned on behalf of Ann Mason, of encroachments upon certain lands granted to Captain John Mason, under what was then called the Laconia patent, by the inhabitants of Strawberry Bank. Joseph died in 1654/55. Ann married soon after to Mr. Ashurst, and was still living in 1659 when her aunt, Rebecca Wollaston made her will. Joseph and Ann Tufton had five children, Mason, Anne, John, Mary, and Robert. Robert was born after the 1633 visitation of London, in which Captain John Mason lists the eldest four grandchildren as his descendents. The death of his elder brother, John Tufton, at the age of 13, made Robert the male heir to the New England estate of Captain John Mason.
In November, 1655, Robert was administrator of his grandmother’s estate. He was then known as Robert Mason, not Tufton. Robert Tufton Mason married Elizabeth Taylor, daughter of William Taylor of Bradley, Hampshire. They were the parents of three children: John born ca. 1659, Robert, and Elizabeth. Robert migrated to New England in 1680 and put forth his claims for his New Hampshire estate. Robert Mason died in New York, in Kingston in 1688 where he was touring with Sir Edmond Andros, Governor.
In 1691 John Tufton Mason and Robert Tufton Mason, Robert’s children, sold their claim on New Hampshire to Samuel Allen. John Tufton Mason went to Virginia and died without heirs. Robert Tufton Mason married Catharine, daughter of Thomas Wiggin. He died at sea in 1696 and was the father of Elizabeth and John who returned to the name Tufton. John Tufton, of Portsmouth, married Susanna Moffett, of Boston in 1710. Captain John Tufton, died in Havana in 1718. (Capt. John Mason the founder of New Hampshire: Charles Wesley Tutle, Ph.D. 1887)
John Mason, Norfolk
On May 4, 1637 in Norfolk: Final concord between Martin Sedley, esq., and John Mason, esq., plaintiffs, and Bridget Pettus, widow, and Thomas Pettus, deforciants of the manors of Caister St Edmunds, Markshall, Rackheath, Ellingham Parva, Hardwick, Wilton, Salhouse, and 28 messuages, 10 cottages, 13 tofts, 3 dovecots, 27 gardens, 6 orchards, 1505 acres of land, 445 acres of meadow, 896 acres of pasture, 236 acres of wood, 10 acres of furze and heath, 20 acres of marsh, 40 acres of alder wood, and £4 10s. 0d. rent, reliefs, liberties of three foldages, views of frankpledge with appurtenances in Caister, Stoke, Ameringhall, Poringland, Markshall, Wardeston, Keswick, Rackheath, Wroxham, Salhouse, Beeston, Crostwick, Spixworth, Burlingham, Little Ellingham, Great Ellingham, Kingham, Scoulton, Rockland Tofts, Stowe, Beckerton, Kings Lynn, Hardwick, South Lynn, Middleton, North Runton, West Winch, Tilney, Terrington, Clenchwharton, Sechey alias Seche, Cadlehouse and Whinipling, and the advowsons of the churches of Caister, Rackheath and Ellingham Parva: consideration £2000
Thomas Mason of Tower Hill and Virginia
In 1652, Thomas Mason, late of Virginia, but now living on Tower Hill, London, a merchant, aged 52, gave evidence regarding the loss of tobacco seized in London from Samuel Hart of Virginia. It may be that this is the same Thomas Mason who in his 1670 will left an annuity of 30₤ per annum to his wife Ann and his daughter Ann and his son Thomas, Jr. who lived in Virginia, were given the residue from the sale of some land. The son Thomas died before 1675 in Virginia and his sister administered his estate and also inherited her brother’s portion Thomas Sr.’s estate. The daughter Ann Mason had assigned her rights in her father’s estate to John Cannings to help finance the business of her husband Peter Booker a tradesman. Ann, Sr. claimed her son was still alive and that Cannings did not have any right to his portion of the estate. Witnesses in the Chancery suit in London claimed that Thomas, Jr. was dead. John Vericombe testified that he lived in Maryland and Percy White testified that he died at James River about ten years prior, this being 1666. Then William Bemans testified Thomas lived in Maryland. Finally in 1678 the court ordered that Cannings be given 100₤ and the lease in the lands in Middlesex, England.
Reverend John Mason, Water Stratford
John Mason was the third son of Thomas Mason and his wife Margaret. He was born in Northamptonshire in 1646. His brothers were probably Thomas and Nicholas who were christened at Irchester in Northamptonshire. He obtained his BA in 1665 and his MA in 1668 in Cambridge. He was a Calvinist. In 1668 he became Vicar of Stantonbury, Bucks. He married Mary and their first child was born in Stantonbury in 1674. He was appointed Rector of Water Stratford in 1674 and it is there that five children were born. His wife died in 1688 and he died in 1694. He is known for his hymns and for the false Second Coming of Christ that centered around him, and Water Stratford in 1694.
His son, Reverend John Mason, born in 1677, was a dissenting minister. His other son, Reverend William Mason, born in 1681, graduated from King’s College, Cambridge.
In January, 1650 is the record of a covenant to levy a fine relating to property in London, Middlesex and Kilnwick Percy which includes: Nicholas Mason as one of the parties with George Bauldwyn, of Buckinghamshire. There is a connection to the Hickes family as several are also parties: Elizabeth and Abigaill, daughters of Randolph Hickes; Sir Elyas Hickes, Adam Hickes, and Robert Hicks, as well as John Briscoe, George Langham, Edmond Heigh, and Henry Coningsbye., A suit regarding the will of Nicholas Mason, Senior of Petworth was filed in May 15, 1668 between Mary Mason, widow and Nicholas Mason Jr., son of the deceased.
John Mason, St. Swithin’s, Lincoln
John Mason’s will proved in 1675 leaves his son Martin, Sr. his seal ring. Martin was well educated and became a Quaker between 1650 and 1671. He wrote from Lincoln Castle where he was frequently imprisoned. John Mason, son of Elizabeth, now wife of John Strawson, deeded to William Drewry in 1678 a cottage and land in Hanthorpe, conveyed by lease and release in 1675.
Major John Mason of Connecticut
Major John Mason of Connecticut was born in 1602. He served first as a lieutenant in the wars of the Netherlands with Lord Thomas Fairfax. Sir Thomas Fairfax, who led the Parliamentarian Army against King Charles I, offered Mason a Major-General’s commission, which he turned down. Mason was first at Dorchester in 1632, under the Governor of Massachusetts, and was selected in 1634 to fortify Boston Harbor. Major Mason led to offensive in the war against the Pequot’s and wrote a history of this war which was published in 1677.
In July, 1640 he married Anne Pecke, daughter of the Reverend Robert Pecke of Hingham, Norfolk, England who was a descendent of John Pecke of Yorkshire. The will of Robert Pecke, minister, was filed in 1651 and leaves To the children of Anne Mason, my daughter, wife of Captain John Mason, of Seabrooke, on the river Connecticut in newe England, forty pounds to be divided equally and to be sent to my son John Mason to dispose of it for their use. She was his second wife. The records of Norwich, Norfolk recorded that they were the parents of Priscilla, 1641; Samuel, 1644; John, 1646; Rachel, 1648; Anne, 1650; Daniel, 1652; and Elizabeth, 1654.
In 1662, John Winthrop and John Mason received their grant form the King to incorporate Connecticut and the provisions for governance and the territory contained within the grant.
John Mason, Jr. served in King Philip’s War as a captain and died from wounds inflicted at the Great Swamp in 1675.
Robert Mason, Norfolk
Robert Mason, born in Hingham, Norfolk about 1590 is said to have removed to Boston Massachusetts where he married Sarah Reynolds of Aylesford, Kent, the daughter of Robert Reynolds of Boston. They are said to be the parents of Thomas, born in Medfield, Massachusetts who died there in 1676.
John Mason, Pennsylvania
John Mason of Winchcome parish, Gloucestershire, England came to Pennsylvania in 1683. He removed to Salem and in 1686 purchased 5,000 acres of land. In 1690 he purchased another 1,000 acres in Elsinborough. He built a large brick dwelling and left Salem for his large estate. John married Sarah Smith, daughter of John Smith of Ambelbury. The will in 1651 of Nicholas Jupe, merchant taylor of London left to Rebecca Smith, daughter of his brother Joseph Smith, a lease of tenements in the occupation of Mr. Mason and Mr. Harman. Jupe held tenements in St Butolph without Aldgate, London, and tenements granted from the Hospital of Christ Church, London.
The will of John Smith of Southwold, Suffolk, gentleman was proved in 1650. It left to his daughter Mary the house that was lately Mason’s after the death of her mother. There is no mention of a Joseph Smith. The will gives his wife, Helen, a house and all debts in his estate in New England during her life, and after her death to be equally divided among his children.
Their children were John Mason, 1697; Ann Mason, 1699; Samuel, 1706; Thomas, 1708; and Rebecca, 1710. He held land in Delaware, and in Pennsylvania. A brother, Thomas Mason also lived in Salem for some time. He married Elizabeth and their children were: Mary, 1701; Aaron, 1702; Martha, 1704; and James, 1709. This line of Masons appears to have died out in the male line before the Civil War.
The will of Thomas Mason of Cecil County, Maryland, Merchant, and only son and heir of John Mason of the City of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, tailor, was filed in 1731. It notes a legacy of one hundred fifty pounds sterling bequeathed by Amy Lee of Eaton near Windsor, his sister Mary, not yet twenty-one. The witnesses were Owen Owen, John Jones, and Francis Sherrard. Mary married Andrew Imhee, of Philadelphia, who went to Middlesex to collect his wife’s inheritance in 1732.
Northumberland, Lancaster, Westmoreland,
Masons of Stafford and King George Counties
In 1634 Middle Plantation on the north side of the James River and the South Side of the Rappahannock included Charles River County along the Rappahannock, Elizabeth City on the eastern tip and Warwick County along the James River side and west of this James City Count and Charles City County. In 1643 Charles River became York County which included the area north and south of the Rappahannock River. It was 1651 when Gloucester County was carved out of the eastern portion of York, north of the Rappahannock River and Lancaster was formed along both sides of the Potomac River from land formerly in Northumberland County. Then in 1669 Middlesex County was formed from the area on the south side of the river. The western portion of York County, west of James City County and adjacent to Henrico and Charles City Counties northern portion became New Kent County in 1654. The northern portion, adjacent Rappahannock County became King and Queen County in 1691. The next year, Rappahannock was divided and renamed Richmond and Essex Counties. It was 1703 when the southern portion of Charles City County became Prince George County. Along the northern neck, Westmoreland County was take from the western portion of Northumberland County in 1653, and then in 1664 Stafford County was taken from the western portion of Westmoreland County.
Captain George Mason was the son of Thomas Mason, yeoman and Anne French. He was christened at Holy Cross, Pershore, Worcester, England June 2, 1629. The records note his sister Anna b. 1625, sister Cibilla b. 1626, his brother Thomas, b. 1634, Thome b. 1635. Among the elder members of this Wocester family were George and Francis. These were likely uncles and children of an elder Thomas whose recorded in earlier dates.
Captain Mason commanded a troop of horse at the battle of Worcester in 1651. After the defeat of the Royalist Forces, George with William Mason fled to Virginia aboard the Assurance in 1651/52 from Bristol. Thomas Greenwood, Isle of Wight, claimed them as headrights. Interestingly, later George Mason would claim the import of 18 persons for headrights in 1651/52. Also aboard the Assurance were 18 others who had stood against the forces of Cromwell in defense of King Charles. Among these were, Colonel Gerard Fowke, Thomas Fowke, of Staffordshire, and cousins Sir Valentine Peyton, and Sir Grey Skipwith. Sir John Mason is also said to have been with them and to have gone to Pasquotank Precinct along the northern shore of Albermarle Sound in North Carolina.
George Mason married Elizabeth and then possibly Mary French and finally Francis Norgrave and was the progenitor of George Mason, patriot, of Gunstan Hall. He settled in Westmoreland County in that part that became Stafford, in honor of Mason’s home shire in England. George Mason was involved in militia warfare with the natives and was a member of the House of Burgesses during the Bacon Assembly in 1676. George Mason II married Mary Fowke, daughter of Col. Gerard Fowke II and Ann, daughter of Captain Adam Thoroughgood.
William Mason of North Carolina
William Mason, brother to George, first settled in Norfolk, Virginia, but eventually removed to North Carolina where he died in 1702. He was the father of John and Ralph Mason whose families eventually resided in Hyde and Currituck Counties.
John Mason married Sarah Burnsby, the daughter of John Burnsby of Pasquotank County, North Carolina. In 1694 they acknowledged they had assigned a bill of sale to Robert Kitching of a plantation in Currituck next to Whitts Island which had been originally conveyed to John Mason by John Burnsby. He also sold Kitching 28 head of cattle. John Mason age 32 gave a deposition that he married Sarah daughter of John Burnsby. William Burnsby, brother to Sarah, arrived from Virginia and John Mason asked him to wait one week before going on to John Burnsby’s plantation. John needed to trim out Mr. Chases canoe and then he would go with William to his father in law’s as he had been promised lands at Flatty Creek if John sold his plantation and stock in Currituck. Then, expecting him to be good to his word, he asked him about what he could do for cattle and Burnsby promised to sell him four or five head of Cattle Cows. However, Burnsby later reneged and said he could only spare two cows and two yearlings. Evidently, John Burnsby had put the cattle up for collateral and they were not his to sell. Sarah’s brother eventually got the cattle released for John and Sarah. In 1714 John was taxed for property valued at 10₤ in Currituck County.
They were the parents of Sarah, Mary, and John Mason, Jr. who were noted in the 1705 will of their grandfather John Burnsby. John Jr. died in 1721 in Currituck leaving married daughters and wife Ann.
John Mason died in 1741 in Rose Bay, Hyde County. He was the father of Roger, John, Winfield, Thomas, and several daughters. John Mason was granted 176 acres on the South West side of Pasquotank River, February 25, 1696, adjoining John Brown, ye mouth of a small Creek, Mr. Hatchers plantation and ye Swamp of ye Creek.
Ralph Mason was noted in the records of Henrico County, Virginia where his age was noted as 21 in 1691. In 1719, Ralph Mason bought 460 acres on the north side of Morattack River in Chowan District. This was located in what became Roanoke River County where he was taxed in 1720. Also listed were Ralph Jr. and Foster Mason. Evidently he purchased other acreage as he sold or gifted more than this initial 460 acres. The Chowan County Deed Book notes Ralph Mason of Chowan Precinct, and his wife Sarah, sold 160 acres to Thomas Arrington in July, 1720, which was on the north side of the Morratuck River. That same month he also transferred 160 acres on the north side of Morratuck to his son Ralph Mason, Jr.
John and Sarah Mason sold 160 acres on the north side of the Morattuck River to John Coleson in 1721. This land lay adjacent the land of Ralph Mason and Foster Mason. In 1723, in what was then Bertie County, Ralph Mason deeded 100 acres on the north side of the Morratuck River to his son Foster Mason which was adjacent to the land of Ralph and Ralph Mason, Jr. In 1724, John Jones of Surry County, Virginia paid 10 pounds for 640 acres of land at Mount Royal on the River low ground, which had been surveyed and patented for Thomas Advent of Surry County by John Gray in 1721. This deed was witnessed by John Gray, and Ralph Mason and was filed in Bertie County in 1724.
In 1737 Ralph Mason of Edgcombe County deeded 150 acres to Richard Moore, Sr. whichwas adjacent Foster Mason, being part of a patent for 410 acres granted to the said Ralph Mason. He sold in 1739 another 110 acres to Philip Smith, on the south side of Morratuck River on Plum Tree Island. This had been purchased from William Reeves and Nathaniel Merrit and was then in the area of Bertie that had become Edgecombe County.
Ralph married Sarah and they were the parents of Ralph, Foster, James, William, and Thomas.
Ralph Mason Jr. married Hanna. He died in Edgecombe County, North Carolina in 1747. His estate notes children: Ralph, Sarah, Susan, William, Mary, Elizabeth “Betty”, Winifred, Mark, and John. Hanna married secondly Thomas Tatum who was appointed the guardian of his underage son, Ralph.
Foster Mason married Elizabeth and they were the parents of James, William, John, and Winnefred.
Robert Mason, Accomack County
Ambrose White names Robert and George Mason as headrights in 1668 and 1670 for land patented in Accomack County. There is no further record of this George Mason.
Thomas Fowkes will was filed May 18, 1674 in Accomack County, Virginia and notes Amy, daughter of Robert and Temperance Mason. Temperance was Temperance Waddelowe, daughter of Nicholas Waddelowe, whose mother married as her third husband, Thomas Fowkes. Robert Mason’s will was filed in 1677. Their children were Ann, wife of John Abbot of Accomack County; Amy noted in her father and grandmother’s wills; Elizabeth noted in her father’s will. In 1687 100 acres, known as Masons Adventure, was patented in Somerset County, Maryland by William Mason. William Mason married Anne Deane in 1680 and he registered a cattle mark in the same year. Joseph Mason purchased 41 acres in Somerset County from Ambrose London in 1678.
Masons of Southside Virginia
Coll Lemuell Mason Princess Anne County, 1704
Thomas Mason Princess Anne County, 1704
Lemuell Mason Norfolk County, 1704 son of Col. Lemuel Mason
Thomas Mason Norfolk County, 1704 son of Col. Lemuel Mason
Thomas Mason Norfolk County, 1704 son of Tristram Mason
George Mason Norfolk County, 1704 son of Col. Lemuel Mason
Thomas Mason Nansemond County, 1704 grandson of Col. Lemuel Mason
Edward Mason Nansemond County, 1704
Elizabeth Mason Surry County, 1704 widow of James Mason
Elizabeth City, Princess Anne and Norfolk Counties
Elizabeth City included the area on the south side of the James River which became New Norfolk County in 1634, and three years later this was divided between Upper and Lower Norfolk Counties. Lower Norfolk became Norfolk County on the west and Princess Anne County along the coast in 1691. Upper Norfolk became Nansemond County in 1645, and lay adjacent to Warrosquoyacke County which was renamed in Isle of Wight County in 1637. It was 1747 when Southampton County was taken from the lower portion of Isle of Wight County.
The area of Elizabeth City County along the Elizabeth and Lynhaven rivers was ideally situated for the raising of cattle and hogs for consumption by the fleets that sailed into the bay. The earliest settler was Adam Thorowgood, soon followed by Thomas Willoughby and Francis Mason. The majority of the early settlers had been neighbors at Bass’s Choice along the James River. Other early settlers included John Sibsey, and Daniel Tanner the namesake for Tanners Creek in Lower Norfolk.
Tristram Norsworthy patented 150 acres on May 3, 1643 in Isle of Wight County. He is noted in the records of Norfolk County as Lt. Col. Tristram Naseworthy of ye Ragged Islands in Virginia, gentleman.
John Norsworthy, gentleman of Nansemond County, eldest son of Col. George Norsworthy, patented land on the south side of the Creek branch of the Elizabeth River in 1717 and the deed was witnessed by Elizabeth Mason.
The birth of Tristram Mason to Roger Mason was recorded on December 4, 1608 in the register of St. Botolph Without Aldgate, London. This family appears to be associated with the Masons in Lincoln. In 1640 Henry Mason was the father of a son Tristram who died 1644. This was recorded in Lincoln at St. Mary, Binbrook.
Register in St. Botolph Without Aldgate, London
Roger a son Richard, 1605 Nicholas a son John January 1599 died 1603
Roger a daughter Elizabeth, 1607 Nicholas a son Elizabeth 1601
Roger a son Willyam 1610 Thomas a son John, 1602
Roger a daughter Mary 1611 died 1613
Roger a son Peter 1612 1677 Nicholas father of Isaac
Roger a son George 1613, died 1613
Roger a son William 1615
In May, 1638 it is noted that Robert Joanes (Jones) and Tristram Mason were partners in a crop. The Norfolk Court determined that Robert Joanes, planter, had not given a true and just account to Tristram Mason, his partner, for their crop. He was order to produce a general accounting at the next court held a Captain John Sibsey’s.
In 1642 Thomas Ivie was found to owe Trustram Mason by bill the quantity of 76 lb stript and smoth’d tobb. (which he)…shall pay unto the said Trustam Mason… at the swelling howse of the said Mason within 10 dayes….Tristram give his age in May, 1641 as 22 years of age.
I Trustram Mason for divers & good causes hath sold unto Mr. Thomas Ivy the ½ of his devident of Land which sd. Trustram Mason doth now posess, the ½ of the cleared land to bee Mr. Thomas Ivys and the ½ of the unceared land likewise. The houses excepted and for ye sd land Mr. Ivy is to give Mr. mason one sufficient cowe bigge with calfebetweene this & Christmas next. 2 Nov 1644 Teste: John ffinch signed Thomas Ivy, Trustram (marke) Mason.
William Crouch and Trustram Mason were in partnership and John Wattford, evidently a servant was hired out to John Gater. Mason claimed that Wattford earned 200 lb of tobacco in wages and claimed Crouch owed him his half, which the court order Crouch to pay to Mason once Mason brought proof of Wattford’s earnings.
In 1646 William Shipp and William Crouch were appointed by the Court to view the crops of corn of Tristram Mason and make a report to the next court.
April 15, 1651 Captain John Sibsey to make a deliverye of all such Cattle as are in his possession which were Captain Pages, unto Cornelius Loyd, Administrator of ye said Page…and further… Mr. Lemuel Mason, Thomas Goodredge, Thomas Ivey, and Trestram Mason meete to morrow being the 17 April at ye house of Mr. Conquest thereby him to be sworne and then to appraise thefor sd Cattle nowe at Captain Sibseyes and soe … the rest as they come upp for present tobacco.
In December, 1666 Barbary,the wife of Tristram Mason called mr. Thomas fulcher, Justice, a base fellow and several other names. She was ordered to appear in the April Court and be ducked and answer the contempt of Colonel Mason’s warrant. In the April court it was noted that Barbary Mason refused to appear and receive her censure so the Sheriff was ordered to take her into his custody until she gave a bond to appear at the next court.
In August, 1668 Tristram Mason was discharged from paying any levy in the future because he was a very poor man. The will of Tristram Mason was written in February 1666 but was not filed until August, 1678. It notes his step son, Daniel Lanier, who was given 1 red 2 year old heifer, his daughter Elizabeth Mason and son Thomas Mason who each received a 2 year old heifer. Thomas also received his father’s land after the death of his mother, Barbary Mason. The witnesses were George Ivy, and Peleg Dunston who later went to Surry.
In 1683 John Jones and Thomas Mason witnessed the will of Edward Rogers which was filed in Isle of Wight and noted land in Stafford County and in Isle of Wight. In November, 1688 Thomas Mason, son of Trustram (sic) Mason, late of Tanner’s Creek, deceased sold to Mr. John Fulcher 100 acres adjacent to Captain John Sibsey purchased by the said Trustram Mason of Robert Glasscock and bequeathed to Thomas by his father’s will, probated in 1678. In December, 1698 Thomas and his wife Alice, deeded land 70 acres on Tanner’s Creek to Thomas Ivy. Then in 1702 Thomas Mason of Norfolk and wife Alice deeded land to Thomas Lawson. Thomas was noted in the 1704 Quit Rents for Norfolk County.
In Norfolk, the 1731 will of Thomas Mason of Tanner’s Creek notes his children George, William, Ann, Mary Broten, Lemuell, Henry, Dinah, and Spring. The witnesses were John Bainks, Edward Cooper, and John Long.
Court at the Howse of William Shipp, May 1646, Present (were) Captain John Sibsey Comander Mr. William Julian, Mr. Henry Woodhouse, Mr. ffrancis Mason, Mr. Thomas Lambard, Mr. Thomas Meares, Mr. Mathew Phillipps, Mr. Edward Loyd.
The Court doth order that John Homes and Agnes his wife, Henry Brakes, Arthur Eagleston, Nicholas Mason and John Bolton and Mary Smith or any of them concerning the felonious killing of certaine tame hoggs.
The Court doth order that (list of persons above) shall…appear at the next Quarter Court….
This was followed by an order to Mr. Mathew Phillips to post a bond insuring that he would prosecute the same persons listed above for the …felonious killing of certaine tame steare of or belonging unto him….
In May, 1653 Nicholas Mason was issued a deed by John Spencer for 1 feather bed, etc. to secure a debt of 740 lbs. In 1656 Nicholas Mason was levied for keeping a maid.
Then Nicholas Mason, who married the relict of Robert Fowler, showed that Mr. Emperor and others were to lay out a tract of land between Henry Snayle and the widow and executrix of Fowler, and to sell the land, for the benefit of Robert Fowler, son of the deceased, Robert Fowler. Nicholas asked the court to order the sale. In February, 1664 Mary Mason, widow, was granted probate on the will of her deceased husband Nicholas Mason. In March, 1660 Nicholas Mason helped appraise an estate, and in 1661 he witnessed a deed. In 1662 Nicholas Mason was appointed surveyor for Little Creek.
Among the titheables of Lawnes Creek Parish, Surry in 1678 and 1684 was Nicholas Mason. In January, 1683 Nicholas Mason, being very poor and disabled in his limbs is for the future discharged from levies. That same month, Nicholas (mark) Mason made a power of attorney to his wife Mary to attend to all business. It was witnessed by Henry Clarke and William Holt. In Surry County in January, 1683 the difference between Daniel Wade and Nicholas Mason was dismissed.
Lt. Francis Mason
Lt. Francis Mason arrived in 1613 aboard the John and Francis. On board with him was his wife Mary, and daughter Anne. Based on his own testimony he was born around 1592-8. His first wife, Mary, had lived through the 1622 massacres, but evidently did not live through the difficult times that followed.
An analysis published Baltimore Sun of April 9, 1905: Two depositions, from Lieut. Francis Mason, are quoted. Concerning his age, the statement that he was 42 in 1637 and, therefore, born in 1595, is generally accepted. Another that he was 40 in 1628, or seven years older. Holten is on record that the emigrant came over on the “John and Francis,” with his wife, Mary, and daughter, Ann, in 1613. The first date would have made him 18; the latter, therefore, seems the more probable. A son, Francis, was born in Virginia, but Mr. Ellis, in the “Virginia Historical Magazine,” Volume II, was of the opinion that both his son and daughter died in early infancy, thus finding no relationship between the Surry and Norfolk families. In the year 1623, ten years after emigration, Lieut. Francis Mason’s wife was Alice, the mother of a son and daughter, Lemuel and Elizabeth, and when he died, in 1648, his wife, Alice, and son, Lemuel, administered on his estate. He was magistrate, justice and vestryman of Lower Norfolk. His second wife came to Virginia in 1622, in the “Margaret and John.” (1626) (Dep.). There are other accounts, which affirm that an early Francis and James were half brothers of Colonel Lemuel Mason.
The Muster of 1624 in Elizabeth Cittie, VA
Francis Mason, Aged 40 ? in the John and Francis 1613
Alice Mason, Aged 26 in the Margrett and John 1622
Francis Mason borne in Virginia
Provisions: Corne, 10 barrels; houses, 3.
Armes: peeces, 6; pistoles, 2; swords, 2; lead, 6 lb.
Servants: William Querke, Aged 30 in the Marmaducke 1621
Thomas Worthall, Aged 14 in the Marmaducke 1621
William Stafford, Aged 16 in the Furtherance 1622
Henrie Gany, Aged 21 in the Dutie 1619
John Robinson, Aged 21 in the Margett and John 1622
In the muster of 1624/25 William Stafford was in the muster of Captain Francis Mason as aged 16 and seems to have been in the muster of Captain Nicholas Martiau age 17 in Elizabeth City (Hotten). Francis Mason returned to England in 1626 with William Ganey (Gaiyne). In 1626 William Stafford was listed as a ward of Francis Mason on the ship Furtherance. In 1635 the land of Francis Mason was noted as adjacent that of Captain Thomas Willowbye (Willoughby). The patent is lost for this land however in 1642 Francis Mason appeared claiming 1,250 acres of land for transporting 83 persons. The land was already seated by Francis, likely indicating it included the land noted earlier. The list of person he transported included Anne, his daughter, and Mary, his wife, and Alice Ganey and Margerie Ganey. Alice Ganey became Francis Mason’s second wife.
In 1637 Francis Mason …aged 42 yeares or thereabouts sworne and examined saith that he, the said deponent, did see Capt. John Sibsey ( a mariner) about the middle of May last past, deliver one firking of butter to James Hawley who received it for the us of Gabriell Hawly. (Hawley) (A firkin is a quarter of a barrel.) James Mason, aged 26 swore that same day that about the middle of March last past he did by the appointment of Capt. John Sibsey carry over to Kequotan two barrels of Indian Corne and deliver it to James Hawley for the use of Gabriell Hawly. This was likely James Mason, grandson.
Another notation in the records of Norfolk.
Tis ordered that Lieut: ffrancis Mason shall have an attachment agaynst one Cow and a Calfe with ye Encrease which belongs unto Mr: Will: Ganey deceased for whome ye sd ffran; Mason stands engaged provided that Lieut: Mason make ye Engagement appeare to ye next Court and that there be noe former judgments past against ye sd Catle.
Lieut: ffrancis Masonn my Love Remembered unto you. This is to intreat you to deliver my heifer and her calfe unto Mr: Tho: Hart and in soe Doeing this my note shal be your discharge.
Winess my hand this 16th day of Oct 1642
Wittnesse: John Sturman Will: Durford
Cosen ffrancis Mason I pray deliver unto Symon Drew ye Cow and Calfe which this note makes mention of and what is due to you. I will see you satisfied soe with my Love I rest. Your loving Cosen to his power.
7 March 1642 Tho. Hart.
In the court records of 1642 it is noted that Gilbert Guy deceased owed a debt to Lt. Mason, and to satisfy the debt Robert Hayes, executor of the estate of John Langfield, was to pay Mason 300 lb. of tobacco and a hogshead, which was evidently owed to Guy by Langfield.
In 1643 he obtained another 200 acres, then designated in that part of Elizabeth City which became Lower Norfolk. Then in 1645 he obtained another 200 acres, 150 of which lay in Lynhaven in the lower county of New Norfolk at a small creek to the westward of John Holmes’ house.
In 1646 Lt. Francis Mason and William Downman recorded an agreement regarding 100 acres of land which was then in the possession of Francis Mason for which Mason agreed to deliver to Downman one servant with a term of service between 5 and 10 yeaars, and the right of 100 acres of land, 3 barrels of (unreadable but likely corn), worth of 1000 pound of tobacco to be paid in Linnen, woolen, shew (shoes) and stockings …(unreadable) say part in hand the residue of the goods and corne upon the confirmation of the land, the servant to bee paid the next yeare for the performance hereof we the abovenamed doe bynd ourselves …. This likely indicates that Francis was operating as a merchant in Lower Norfolk, importing fabric, shoes, and stockings.
Francis Mason was a member of the Court of Lower Norfolk from May, 1637 until August, 1648. He was also Vestryman and High Sheriff. In 1648 he was ordered to pay a fine of 200 lbs. of tobacco because as Sheriff he did not levy against the estate of Mrs. Sarah Gookin.
Francis Mason was the father of Ann, Francis, and Elizabeth who married James Thelaballe a Huguenot, as well as Lemuel who was born about 1628 and died in 1702, Alice, and James Mason, who was born about 1611 and removed to Surry County after 1637.
In 1642 Elizabeth Mills was charged with defaming Alice Mason by claiming that Agnes Holmes, who had other troubles later, accused Alice Mason as being the cause of the death of a young child of Mr. Henry Seawells. Elizabeth was ordered to receive 10 lashes upon her bare back and ask Alice and Agnes for forgiveness.
Francis died intestate in 1648. Administration was given to Alice Mason, widow and Lemuel Mason her son. Alice and Lemuel contracted in 1648 with James Thelaball, to provide half of 200 acres of land on Hogg Island to be divided by four impartial men, and James Thelaball and Lemuell Mason to each receive one half, as well as 2,000 feet of sawen Planke, glass and lead for four leaded windows like the windows now in the home where Alice and Lemuel lived, and six silver spoons.
In 1649 James Thelaball sued his brother and mother in law because the lumber had not been delivered. This was settled and Thelaball continued to represent Mason’s business in Norfolk. James acquired large tracts of land and died leaving a substantial estate in 1693. Their children were; Elizabeth wife of Thomas Langley; Mary wife of Lemuell Mason; deceased daughter Margaret, wife of William Langley; and sons Francis and James Thelaball. Elizabeth Mason Thelaball also notes in her 1707 will these children and great-grandson William Ivy son of George Ivy.
Francis Mason son of Lt. Francis Mason
In 1652 Lt. Francis Mason transported Francis Mason to Virginia. In 1669 the nuncupative will of William Stratford was filed in Isle of Wight County: I appoint my well beloved friend Mr. Francis Mason executor of my whole estate both here and in England. I desire him to sell my lands in Northampton, money to be divided among mysisters and brothrs. Witness by john Crafte, Will Wells, Alice Harris.
It appears that Francis removed back to England or died as there is no record of him in Virginia. In 1698, John Mason was the father of Lemuel Mason. This was in Moulton Near Spalding, Lincoln.
Anne Mason daughter of Lt. Francis Mason
Anne Mason married William Stafford in 1640. He was noted as the ward of Francis Mason when transported aboard the Furtherance in 1626. William was born in 1608 and died a few years after their marriage. He second husband was the Reverend John Cluverious. Her son was William Stafford, Jr.
Elizabeth Mason daughter of Lt. Francis Mason
In August, 1649 it was ordered that a difference between James Thelaballe and Lemuel Mason that …George Horner shall appear and swear what quantity of plank he received from Mason for the use of Mr. Thelaballe and that shall be wanting of the two thousand foote. Mason was order to make good as soone as he could obtain plank to be sawed and Mason was to sign a deed for half Hoggs Island when Thelaballe demanded it. In 1651 a certificate for 500 acres of land for transporting 10 persons was granted Thelaballe. An agreement between Alice Mason, relict of Mr. Francis Mason and Mr. Lemuel Mason on the one part and Mr. James Thelaballe on the other part was recorded in 1651 stating that Thelaballe was to be given land called Ye Mayne against Hogg Island being 200 acres, and also to have one half of Hogg Island. Four indifferent men were to divide the island.
In 1677 Elizabeth Thelaballe gave tract of 600 acres in Hogg Pen Neck given to her by her brother Lemuel Mason, with the consent of his wife Ann. She also gave her son Francis 400 acres, and her son James 200 acres. James Thelaballe, born in France, swore allegiance to Charles II in 1683.
Lemuel Mason stated in his will dated June 17, 1695 that if he died before his sister Elizabeth Thelaballe that he gave her as much good black serge as would make her a mourning gown.
In 1690 James Thelaballe and his wife Elizabeth being …now well Stricken In yeares and nott well able to Live by themselves their sonne Francis Thelaball … with his family and wife came to live on the home plantation and care for his parents. The will of James Thelaballe of Elizabeth River Parish in the county of Lower Norfolk, gentleman filed in 1693 was substantial and included silver, furniture, linens, slaves and tools. His will notes deceased son Lemuel, son Francis, James, daughter Margaret Langley, wife Elizabeth, daughter Elizabeth Langley, daughter Mary Chichester, and Cousin William Porten. The witnesses were Lemuel, Thomas and Mary Mason. Elizabeth Thelaballe’s 1702 will notes these same children as well as her son in law William Langley, formerly husband of Margaret, and Thomas Langley, husband of her daughter Elizabeth. She also notes my loving daughter Mary Mason, now wife of Lemuel Mason. Clearly Lemuel is a cousin. The will also notes Elizabeth’s grandson William, son of George Ivy. George Mason, Richard Sayer and Lemuel Newton were witnesses.
Colonel Lemuel Mason son of Lt. Francis Mason
Lemuel Mason was born in 1628. He was a Colonel in the militia and married Ann Sewell daughter of Henry Seawell, merchant and Burgess, and Alice Willoughby. It is noted in the settlement of the estate of Henry Seawell (Sewell) in 1649 that … Mr. Lemuel Mason who hath intermarried with Anne the daughter of the said Seawell…
In 1654 Francis Yeardley led an expedition from Norfolk County in 1654 into the south to engage in trade with the Indians. This led to settlement in what became the Carolina colony. Willoughby and Mason, as well as Nathaniel Batts, bought land along the Pasquotank River from the Kiskatanewh. Batts wrote of the discovery of an inlet which would be extremely useful to the colony. Virginia settlers began moving into the west bank of Albemarle Sound by 1659. John Willoughby witnessed deeds in Carteret Precinct in 1679 to John Harvey, Esquire, and in 1681 to John Dye and to John Bolton.
Lemuel Mason was a Burgess from Lower Norfolk intermittently during the period 1658 through 1692. With William Crouch and Mr. William Shipp, Lemuel served as churchwarden in 1649. In April, 1671 Lemuel Mason gave a deed of gift to his wife Ann, she being visited with lameness in her limbs. In February, 1673 Lemuel gave a deed of gift to his wife Ann of a Negro boy age 3 years, a Negro girl age 3 years to his daughter Frances, and another Negro girl age 3 years to his daughter Margaret.
In January, 1676 Lemuel Mason wrote to William Berkeley regarding the estate of Captain William Carver of Norfolk County, following Bacon’s rebellion.
The Humble pett of Lemuell Mason and the Best of tbe officers of
the militia for the County of Lower norfolk in tbe behalf of the sd
County most humbly Sheweth That your pett” (by meanes of this
grand RebeUion) have Susteyned great losse and been att great trouble
haveing about Sixty of our Best Gunes and Severall Swords taken from
as for Bacons Service. Snce weh about nynety men did voluntaily
attend upon yonr honr att James Citty to the losse of Severall of their
Croops, besides other charges that yonr pettr have beene at wch they
shall in due time make apeare and your honr baveing beene pleased
to or* that the Estate of Cap; Wm Carver should bee Seated for the
use of our County wcb hath accordingly beene done. Your pettr therefore
now most humbly prays your honrs or4 for Selling the same at an
outcry or the disposal! thereof Some other way for Satisfying part of
tbe Charges above Said and your pett” as in duty bound Shall pray &c.
In 1680 Lemuel gave a gift deed for love and affection to his children George Craford and Abigail, his wife, land in Currituck in North Carolina with stock of cattle running upon it, reserving to the use of the said Lemuel or his wife Anne 2 fat beeves if we ever send for them.
Lemuel Mason’s will was written in 1695 and filed in September, 1702 in Norfolk County. His will made his sons, Thomas and Lemuel Mason as overseers and his wife, Ann, executrix. Children noted in the will were three sonns Thomas, Lemuel, and George, Frances wife of George Newton, Colonel Samuel Boush the husband of daughter Alice, Mr. Cocke who married daughter Elizabeth, a son in law in England who married a daughter Margaret, another son in law (Captain William Kendall of Northampton County) who married a daughter Ann, and Mr. Walton who married a daughter Mary, a daughter Dinah, and sister Elizabeth Thelaballe. (This will is difficult to read and much of it is torn or dark.)
1704 Quit Rents in Norfolk County tax Colonel Lemuel Mason for 400 acres in Norfolk. Evidently this is his estate.
Margaret, the daughter, was living with her godmother, Margaret (Ganey) Cheeseman (Chisman) at St. Mary Magdalene, Bermondsey, Surry in 1679-80.
Ann’s will in 1705 notes her daughters Frances Sayer, Alice Boushe, Mary Cocke, and Dinah Thoroughgood as well as sons Thomas, Lemuel, and George Mason.
In her will Ann gave seven pounds ten shillings to each of her daughters, to dispose of at their own pleasure without being accountable to their husbands. The witnesses were Thomas Willoughby, Elizabeth Newton, and Ann Porter.
A great deal can be learned from the will of Margaret Cheeseman, Surry, England.
Margaret Cheeseman of St. Mary Magdalene Bermondsey widow, 15 January 1679, proved 21 July 1680. My overseers shall disburse expend and lay out for my funeral expenses and charges fifty pounds. To the poor of this parish five pounds. To all the children of my very loving kinsman Mr. Lemuel Mason the elder in Virginia that shall be living in Virginia at the time of my decease ten pounds apiece, to remain in the hands of my executors until they shall attain to their several ages of one and twenty years or days of marriage. To my Cousin Elizabeth Theleball, now living in Virginia, five pounds. To all her children living at time of my decease in Virginia, five pounds apiece. To John Matthews, living in Virginia, who was brother by the mother’s side to my late granddaughter Anne Cheeseman deceased, five pounds and a diamond ring which formerly was his sister’s. To my kinswoman Anne Gayney twelve pence. To my god daughter Margaret Mason who lives with me one hundred and fifty pounds and the and the lease of my house and all the plate I had of John Harrison. The rest of my plate I give to the children of my said cousin Lemuel Mason as followeth (i.e.) to Alice Mason a great beaker, to Elizabeth a tankard, to Anne a tankard and to Abigail, Mary and Dynah all the rest of my plate, to be equally divided &c, and to Lemuel Mason the younger my best great ring. Five pounds apiece to Mr. John Samuel, Mr. Thomas Gladwin, my said cousin Margaret Mason and Mrs. Mary Childe widow, and they to be overseers of my will. All the residue to my kinsman Mr. Lemuel Mason in Virginia; and he to be executor; and my said god daughter Margaret Mason to be executor in trust only for the use and benefit of Lemuel, her father. Proved by Margaret Mason Bath, 92.
The will of William Chichester filed in Norfolk, May, 1698 notes his cousins Thomas and Lemuell Mason, Jr. overseas, and the witnesses to the will were Lemuel Mason, Jr. and Francis Thelaball. In 1686 Thomas Willoughby gave Lemuel Mason, Jr. for love and affection 200 acres. John Gooscott in 1688 left him a gold ring in his will.
They were the parents of Elizabeth, Lemuel, Samuel, George, Thomas, Frances, Alice, Mary, Dinah, Margaret, and Ann Mason. Elizabeth Thelaballe was sister to Colonel Lemuel Mason.
Children of Lemuel and Ann Mason of Norfolk County
Thomas Mason gentleman planter of Tanner’s Creek, was a justice and Burgess for Lower Norfolk. Thomas Mason was granted 1000 acres in the Upper Parish of Nansemond County on March 29, 1666: beginning at a marked oake standing nere the head of the southern branch, and soe running south by East 250 pole to a marked Red oake, & soe west by south 350 ole to a marked Oake and soe North by wet 500 pole crossing a fresh Run to a marked Pine & soe East by North 350 pole to a marked Oake, and soe south by East 250 pole crossing a fresh Run to the place where it began, The said Land being due per Transportacon of Twenty persons &c. To have & to hold 7c. ….March 29, 1666.
Thomas Mason was noted in Norfolk County for 653 acres in the 1704 Quit Rents. In his will, written in 1710 he calls himself …gentleman and planter of Tanner’s Creek. His will was filed in 1711. His wife, Elizabeth was given 50₤ to keep his son Lemuel at the Grammar School at Williamsburg. Other children were Ann, Mary and Margaret. Thomas Mason’s brother George and cousin George Newton were overseers of the will and his wife was executrix.
By 1712 it is noted the young Lemuel had died. His sister Ann married Thomas Willoughby, and sister Mary married William Ellison. He also had a sister Margaret Mason. William Ellison of New York issued a power of attorney in 1727 to George Newton of Norfolk County to sell land divided between said Ellison, Capt. Thos. Willoughby and Mrs. Margaret Mason which had belonged to Mr. Thomas Mason, deceased. Margaret later sold her interest to Thomas Willoughby.
In 1713 Richard Sanderson, of North Carolina, Gentleman, deeded his interest in the plantation, livestock, and personal items of Mr. Thomas Mason, deceased, left to Elizabeth Mason his widow, now the wife of Sanderson, to George Newton of Norfolk County. Included in the list of personal items were two gold rings, a silver flagon, a silver hilted sword, a gun and a pair of pistols which was a legacy given to Lemuel Mason by his father Thomas Mason.
George Mason was also a Burgess and a justice for Norfolk County. In 1693 Lt. Col. Anthony Lawson patented 60 acres in the Little Creek, in Lynhaven parish, which land was formerly granted to George Mason and was lately found to escheat. George Mason was noted in Norfolk County for 300 acres in the 1704 Quit Rents.
The will of George Mason was filed in 1710. It notes his wife Phillia, who was Phillia Hobson, and sons Thomas and George, as well as daughters Abigail and Frances. Frances married John Phripp, justice of Norfolk. Captain George Newton, Mr. Lemuel Newton and Mr. William Craford were overseers and his wife was executrix. Thomas had married Mary, daughter of Nathaniel Newton. Their son was Nathaniel Mason who married Ann Snale. His widow married Samuel Rogers and her will was written in August, 1759.
Thomas Mason’s mother, Phillia, deeded 1/2 of the lots and lands she then lived on to her son Thomas Mason, and the other half to her son George Mason in 1710. The witnesses were George Newton, John Holstead, and John Portlock. In 1729 he and his mother sold land she had inherited from her father. Thomas’ wife was Mary Newton, daughter and heir of Nathaniel Newton. In May, 1737 Thomas Mason, gentleman, and wife Mary, sole daughter and heir to Captain Nathaniel Newton, deceased sold to John Elgood of Norfolk Borough, 200 acres of land in Tanner’s Creek. Mary sold a lot in Norfolk as his widow in 1740.
Lemuel Mason married his cousin Mary Thelaballe, who was noted in her mother’s will in 1702. Mary was first married to William Chichester and in her will she notes her children Thomas and John Chichester. Colonel Lemuel Mason was noted in the Lemuel Mason held 650 acres in Princess Anne County in 1704 and 400 acres in Norfolk County. He was a merchant and died without a will before June 10, 1711. His daughter Elizabeth became the ward of Solomon Wilson and she married Christopher Todd. Their other daughter was Tabitha Mason. She married Solomon Wilson, clerk of the Court of Norfolk County, and they moved to Bertie County, North Carolina.
Frances Mason and George Newton were the parents of Colonel George Newton, Nathaniel, Lemuel, and Thomas Newton. George Newton died in 1694 and Frances married Major Francis Sayer.
Alice Mason married first Robert Hodge, then William Porter (Porten) and was the mother of William and Ann Porter. He third husband was Samuel Boush.
Margaret Mason went to England and her husband is unknown.
Abigail Mason married George Craford.
Anne Mason may have first married a Conner, then Sampson Trevethana. Her will notes grandchildren: Richard Conner, Lemuel Tennent, Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Scott, Mary Anne Thoroughgood, Katherine Wright, and Stephen Wright. (Another source states she married Captain William Kendall, Jr., Member of the House of Burgesses and then Peter Collier of Northampton County, VA. By whom she was mother of Mary Collier.)
Dinah Mason married Robert Thoroughgood, son of Colonel Robert Thoroughgood, Jr. and Frances Yardley.
Elizabeth Mason married first William Major of York County. Her second husband, by 1695, was Thomas Cocke from Cornwall, England. He was the son of Thomas Cocke and Mary Pearse. They had two daughters, Anne and Mary Cocke. In his will Mr. Thomas Cocke left each a plantation, a gold chain, plate and jewelry.
Mary Mason married first a Mr. Walton, and then Walter Cocke. Walter and Mary relocated to Surry County where they issued a deed in 1695 to his brother Thomas Cocke of Princess Anne County. Another brother was William Cocke. Walter names two sons, Thomas and John Cocke in his 1738 will and daughter Anne Hamlin. Thomas Cocke married Hannah Hamlin the daughter of John Hamlin and Elizabeth Taylor. (Baltimore Sun: Mary Mason, at the writing of her father’s will, was the wife of Mr. Walter Gee. If the copying of the mother’s (will) made no mistake, she was mentioned as Mary Cocke, and thus would end all further concern regarding her matrimonial adventures, but for an entry on the pages of an old bible. In the handwriting of Col. George Blow, it is set forth therein that the grandparents of his mother were Matthew Phripp and Mary Mason. Mary Mason Wright was moreover a sister of Mrs. Blow. They could only have been great-grandparents, because the grandparents were Mr. John Phripp and Frances, above mentioned. Still, all great-grandparents are grandparents, and if we go back a generation Mary Gee was old enough to have made an earlier marriage and to have been the mother of one or two Phripp children.) Based on the dates of the wills, Lemuel’s was written in 1695 and filed in 1702, while his wife’s was filed in 1705. It is recorded that Thomas Willoughby of Lower Norfolk County transported Thomas Gee in 1654.
Boddie in Historical Southern Families, Vol III states the first husband of Mary was a Walton.
The Surry Branch
George Sandys, the poet, Council of State, and treasurer of the Virginia Company, founded a plantation in Surry County called Treasurer’s Plantation just east of Tappahannock Creek. In 1638 Thomas Crouch patented land on the creek and it was later renamed Crouch’s Creek. By 1702 a ferry transported people across the James River to Jamestown. Within a few miles was Chippokes Plantation founded by William Powell and Smith’s Fort Plantation. Smith’s Fort was founded in 1609 by James Smith, on a bluff above Gray’s Creek. The fort later belonged to Thomas Rolfe, son of John Rolfe and Pocahontas. It should be noted that John Rolfe was the son of John Rolfe and Dorothea Mason of Henchecn, Norfolkshire, England (VA Magazine, Vol 1, p. 445) Originally, Grey’s Creek was known as Smith’s Fort Creek and then Rolfe’s Creek. In 1648 it became Grey’s Creek after Thomas Grey who patented land there.
An excerpt regarding the brick Warren house … Mr. Warren did begin to build ye fifty foot brick house which now stands upon ye said land and finished same without being forewarned or disturbed by any person, and Mr. Rolfe was then living and lived several yeares afterwards and was commonly at ye said Warren’s house on ye said plantation with Mr. Warren, Mr. Thomas Rolfe, aforesaid and Mr. Mason and several others some certain time before the said Warren built ye said brick house….
Captain James Mason, died 1670, of Surry County, son of Lt. Francis Mason
James Mason stated in 1637 that he was about 26 years of age. This places his birth in 1611. There is no further record for James Mason in Norfolk. It is believed that he is the James Mason who located in Surry County and was the father of Francis Mason. It is likely that he was sent to England for schooling. James was claimed for headrights by Thomas Crouch in November, 1638. Crouch patented 150 acres on Tappahannock Creek.
James Mason patented land on March 30, 1647. This was 450 acres on the main head of the lower Bay Creek upon c —(unreadable) branch Dams, formerly granted to William Mills by patent in 1643. This land was located in Isle of Wight County. On July 8, 1648 he patented 60 acres in what was commonly called Smith’s Fort about two miles up Smiths Fort Creek for the transport of two persons. On April 23, 1653 James Mason patented 250 acres at the head of Grey’s Creek adjacent Thomas Grey. This land was in Surry County but recorded in James City County. It was for the transport of 5 persons.
By 1652 Mr. James Mason was listed as one of the Keepers of the Liberty of England by Authority of Parliament by the Constable at Smith’s Fort. Also listed was Mr. Robert Mason.
Then in February of 1653 James Mason and John Bishop patented 50 acres on the South East side of Tappahannock Creek for the transportation of Mary Wade. It is stated that James and Mary were married. However, it is evident that it was a very short marriage if it occurred. Also, Mary could not have been his first wife, as Francis Mason, a son, was born in 1647. It would seem his mother was Elizabeth Bishop. It should be noted that Francis Mason was guardian of the orphan of John Bishop. The widow of John Bishop, Sr. married Major William Marriott and then George Proctor by 1672.
On May 1, 1654 James Mason, of Mathew’s Mount, Planter sold to Richard Merydale certain possessions including stock, right, and claims in and to his servants and their services; viz., William Savage for seven years; William Pegler for his term; and William Foreman for his term; and all to be paid at some convenient place or upon his own plantation called and know as Mathews Mount, within one quarter of a mile fro James River where a ship, or Shallop or sloop may safely come and ride. Witnessesed by Sack Brewster and Edward Petway.
On May 6, 1654 James Mason of Matthews Mount in the County of Surry, planter to Richard Merrydale, Esquire for the sum of 12, 360 lbs. tobacco conveyed 1 mare, 1 colt, 3 oxen, etc. The witnesses were Zack Brewster and Edward Petway.
In 1655 Thomas Binns filed against Mrs. Elizabeth Mason, wife of Mr. James Mason, in defense of his wife, Martha Binns. The suit claims Elizabeth, wife of Mr. James Mason, has slandered Martha, the wife of Thomas Binns, in a vile and scurrilous manner, also assaulted and violently beat the said Martha.
Captain James Mason of Mathew’s Mount was a Burgess for Surry in 1654. In the Surry County Records, on page 66, June 21, 1655 Settlement of the Account of the Estate of Mr. James Taylor*, deceased by James Mason and William Batt is the record of a payment made to Colonel John Gee. This is the only record of a Colonel John Gee.
In June, 1657, Mr. William Edwards had an order from the governor to patent certain marsh and wood land formerly granted to James Mason and John Bishop and by them deserted. This land was described as upon Crouches Creek opposite James City, near land formerly belonging to Mr. Thomas Rolfe and the land of John Senior. Later, in 1677, William Edwards purchased additional acreage from John Senior which adjoined Francis Mason.
In 1658 William Batt and James Mason witnessed a statement by Thomas Jarrell, servant of Marriott.
In 1666 Francis Sowerby purchased land in Surry County that was adjacent to James Mason. Other neighbors identified were Mathew and Richard Battle, Daniel Massengall, John Watkins, and Thomas Woodhouse. Captain James Mason died in 1670. He was the father of Colonel Francis Mason, who was born in 1647. In July, 1672 Mr. Francis Mason was the executor of the estate of Mr. James Mason, deceased. As such he brought a suit against Watkins.
*James Taylor noted above was married to Elizabeth Underwood, daughter of William Underwood. They were divorced in 1620, and were possibly the first divorce in Virginia.
Colonel Francis Mason, died 1696, of Surry County, son of Captain James Mason
In a deposition in 1668 Francis Mason stated he was 21 years of age placing his birth in 1647. Francis was the sole heir of Mr. John Bishop who died in 1676. This likely is proof his mother was Elizabeth Bishop. The case concerned Mr. Arthur Allen and James Mason who had gone to Jamestown where they each bought a horse. One horse died, and they both claimed the surviving animal. Francis naturally testified that it belonged to his father.
In 1667 is a notation that Robert Spencer of Surry was indebted to Francis Mason. Abell James, of Surry, assigned household goods due from Walter Chiles, and all debts from George Watkin, as security for this debt and agreed not to sell or dispose of any goods or debts until Spencer was cleared of the debt. Nicholas Crouch acknowledged he owed on a bill to Mr. Francis Mason. He was granted forbearance at 8 lb. tobacco percent and court charges. Crouch was also ordered to pay Markes Leonard bill of 250 lbs of tobacco.
In 1673, Francis Mason married Elizabeth Aston the daughter of Walter Aston and the widow of Thomas Binns. It is recorded that Francis Mason age 2 – (unreadable) of Kent sailed for Virginia on a ship out of London in 1677. Unfortunately the name of the ship and her master are illegible. This is likely the same Francis Mason, who evidently went to England on business as in 1674 Mrs. Elizabeth Mason stood as attorney for her husband Mr. Francis Mason, clearly indicating that he was out of the area even at this early pointing their marriage.
Francis Mason held a plantation in Southwark Parish and another in Lawnes Creek. He was the largest slave holder in Surry County in the tithe list of 1675. At Southwark 7 Negroes were counted and at Lawnes Creek there were 2, though it may have been that some of these belonged to his step son Thomas Binns from the estate of his deceased father. Francis also had 6 white servants at Southwark.
In 1672 George Mason and Francis Mason witnessed a power of attorney from George Marable of James Citty to William Edwards for the purpose of collecting debts.
In 1677 Thomas Mason, age 35, gave a deposition in Surry. (details not given in abstract.)
In1682 Richard Bennet patented 630 acres on the West side of Polatink swamp adjoining the land of Francis Edwards and William Edwards.
Francis was Justice of the County Court. He served first as a Major, then Colonel of the militia. He also was Burgess for Surry County in 1692. Francis Mason died in 1696.
Francis Mason died in 1696 in Surry County, Virginia. His will, dated October 4, 1696, was filed in March 1696/97. In his will, Colonel Mason gave James one-half of 300 acres formerly belonging to John Bishop. His daughter, Frances, wife of Captain Thomas Holt, received land in Hogg Island. The remainder was given to his wife during her life and then the home plantation was left to his son James upon her death. The will also noted Elizabeth, daughter of Frances Holt. The property left in his estate clearly indicates that Francis Mason was prosperous. It included silver spoons, silver tankard, a silver salt, a cedar table and leather chairs. This was a substantial inventory for the region and period when compared to most other wills and estates during the same time frame.
Francis Mason and Elizabeth Aston were the parents of Frances, and James Mason. The widow, Elizabeth Mason, patented 777 acres in Lawne’s Creek Parish adjacent land held by George Blow in 1669. She divided this land between her grandchildren, Frances Holt, Francis Mason and Charles Binns in 1701. Elizabeth was counted in the 1704 Quit Rents in Surry County.
In her will, dated September 1723, Elizabeth Mason noted her grandchildren Mary, Katherine, Martha, Elizabeth, Lucy, Frances, and Thomas Holt, Jr.
Frances Mason, the daughter of Francis and Elizabeth Aston married Captain Thomas Holt the son of Randall Holt and Elizabeth Hansford. Her mother’s will identifies seven Holt grandchildren, Mary, Katherine, Martha, Elizabeth, Lucy, Frances, and Thomas Holt, Jr. Thomas and Frances Holt were the administrators for Thomas Binns, deceased in 1701.
The 1691 Isle of Wight will of Captain Robert Caufield, of Lawne’s Creek parish, Surry leave legacies to Mary, daughter of Charles Williams, to Mrs. Mary Holt, Frances, daughter of Francis Mason, Elizabeth daughter of Arthur Allen, to Katherine and James, children of Arthur Allen, to Mrs. Elizabeth Holt, William Hancocke and his wife, and others. Captain Caufield was the son of William Caufield, of Chippoakes Parish, Surry. Robert Caufield married Elizabeth Allen sister of Arthur Allen.
Frances and Thomas Holt were the parents of Mary Holt who died before July 10, 1767; Katherine Holt who married Thomas Cocke; Martha Holt who married John Newson; Henry Holt; Frances Holt; James Holt who married Anne Boushe and died in Norfolk County; Elizabeth Holt who married Nicholas Cocke of Middlesex County, Virginia.
James Mason, died 1702, of Surry County, son of Francis and Elizabeth Aston
In 1678 Captain Robert Spencer bequeathed 10 shillings to his godson, James Mason. Evidently, James was likely sent to England for his education. He was claimed for headrights by Isaac Coates in 1680. He was granted land adjacent to Mr. Bishop, on the north side of the James River on Moses Creek. James Mason was listed on the Surry County tithes of 1694 and 1698. He was Sheriff of Surry in 1692, a justice in 1698, and Captain of the militia in 1700. He died in 1702.
James Mason married Elizabeth Duke, the daughter of Henry Duke and Lydia Hansford who was the daughter of Charles Hansford. James Mason inherited 150 acres on Tappahanna or Crouche’s Creek from his father in 1696. James and Elizabeth were the parents of Francis Mason and a child in esse when James made his will in June, 1696. It notes his sister Holt and his niece Mary, daughter of Captain Thomas Holt, his brother Thomas Binns, deceased, Col. Henry Duke, Major Arthur Allen, his mother Mason, sisters Holt and Mary White each received 10 shilling to buy a ring, and gave the balance of his property to his infant son Francis and child in esse. His will was not probated until July, 1701. Francis Mason, the son, also had received approximately 289 acres from his grandmother Elizabeth Aston the same year that his father died.
In May, 1702, Elizabeth Mason, widow of Captain James Mason, renounced her husband’s will and asked administration be granted to her. Elizabeth Duke married Ethelred Taylor who had arrived in Surry from England in 1702 evidently soon after his arrival. On December 5, 1702, Ethelred Taylor and his wife Elizabeth, executrix of the estate, presented the inventory for James Mason’s estate. 1702. A supplemental was filed in 1705. The Elizabeth Mason listed in the 1704 Quit Rents was her mother-in-law, Elizabeth Aston Mason widow of Francis Mason.
In 1714, Ethelred purchased 332 acres in Lawnes Creek Parish from Nathaniel Harrison, William Robinson, and Nathaniel Ridley. William Edwards was the witness to this deed. Elizabeth and Ethelred were the parents of Ethelred, Henry, William, and Samuel Taylor. Ethelred acquired land in Surry and Isle of Wight counties. In 1710 he was sheriff of Surry County. His will was filed in 1716 and gave lands on Poketank Swamp and Coker’s branch, to son Samuel Taylor. Henry Taylor received land on Coker’s Branch next to John Bruton and Samuel Cornwell. Ethelred Taylor, Jr. received land on Lightwood Swamp which was in Southampton County.
Elizabeth Mason-Taylor married as her third husband William Edwards. William Edwards and Elizabeth, his wife, executrix of Ethelred Taylor, deceased, sued Richard Lee of London and Elizabeth Newit in March 1716. William Edwards was Burgess for Surry in 1706. His first wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Colonel Benjamin Harrison, a member of the Royal Council. His second wife was the daughter of Micajah Lowe, nephew of Micajah Perry, the London merchant and Quaker. William and his second wife were the parents of William, Micajah, Mary, Elizabeth, Ann, and Sarah Edwards. William Edwards died in Surry in February, 1722. He held land throughout Surry County.
The Duke-Taylor Connection
Richard Taylor married Sarah Barker about 1656 in Charles City County. She was the daughter of William Barker and Frances Ward. In 1659 James Ward and Richard Taylor were ordered by the Charles City court to settle a disagreement. Rice Hoe was ordered to pay Taylor 755 lbs of tobacco in 1662. Taylor’s mill was mentioned in a deposition in 1665. In 1664 the records of the Charles City Court note …Richard Taylor of Flowerdieu Hundred, carpenter to Mrs. Frances Letherland, of the same, widow, to protect her from any claims or inheritance to be had and made for Sarah, John, and Elizabeth the children of said Frances by her first husband Mr. William Barker, deceased, bond for tobacco, and further if John Barker shall and will at his full and perfect age by Law to manage his owne estate sign and deliver to the said Frances and her husband certain properties, for life, at Flowerdieu Hundred, particularly one plantation, excepting the said John Barker’s and the said Taylors particular owne plantation and the plantations already lett out by leases. The said Frances her said intended husband is Lt. Col. Thomas Drew to whom only civility of John Barker is purposed.
Signed Richard Taylor and witnessed by Hoel Pryse and John Barker, April 26, 1664
Richard Taylor died between 1665 and 1673. Sarah married Robert Lucy and they were noted in 1673 as joint owners with Elizabeth and Phillip Limbrey of 1000 acres in Flower du Hundred inherited from John Barker, brother to Sarah and Elizabeth. James Minge surveyor under the supervision of Robert Wynne and Lt. Col. George Jordan divided this land for the sisters. Sarah’s third husband was Captain James Bisse. Sarah and Richard Taylor were the parents of Sarah, Katherine, John, and Frances Taylor and Elizabeth Taylor who married John Hamlin.
Captain John Taylor, the only son of Sarah and Richard Taylor, married Henrietta Maria whose maiden name is unknown. John was Burgess for Charles City County in 1696 through 1702 and clerk of the court in 1699. John Taylor died in 1709.
I, John Taylor of Prince George County; to daughter Elizabeth Duke, two negroes, one called Dick and one called Buck, my riding horse called Trooper besides what I have already given her; to my daughter Henrietta Maria Taylor, 4 negroes, Hector, Moll, Caesar, and Frank, one feather bed and furniture, 6 young cows and calves, all to be paid her at 21 years of age…; to daughter Sarah Taylor, 4 negroes or mulattoes Henry George (damaged); all the rest of my good to my dear and loving wife Henrietta Maria Taylor, as also 5 negroes Antilope and his wife Amy, Jack and his wife sue and Hannah and all my land at Pigeon Swamp I give to my loving wife to her and her heirs… executors were his wife and daughter Elizabeth Duke. The witnesses were Robert Rogers, Michael Talbott, Sarah Bradford, Sarah Proudlove. On the back of the will is the notation: Elizabeth was to receive 1000 acres along the Blackwater, formerly belonging to Richard Taylor, and Frances Taylor also was to receive a parcel of land.
This line of Taylors ended as John did not have sons to carry the Taylor name.
Elizabeth Taylor married Henry Duke, Jr. brother to Elizabeth Duke who married James Mason.
Henrietta Maria Taylor married John Hardyman. John Hardyman, a merchant who arrived in Virginia in 1680, purchased a mill from John Taylor in 1690.
Sarah Taylor married Francis Hardyman, brother of John Hardyman. His second wife was Jane Featherstone widow of John Cross.
Henrietta Taylor, widow, married Randle Platt and they were sued for debts as executors of the will of John Taylor in 1717. Plat was a justice and sheriff in Prince George County. Platt was awarded an attachment against the estate of Henry Duke in July, 1718 and in December Elizabeth Duke was appointed the administrator which was settled in January, 1719. In 1723 the Taylor daughters and their husbands sold their land in Surry County to John Mason.
Masons in Isle of Wight
William Mason Isle of Wight
William Mason was transported in 1646 by Colonel Henry Bishop. Colonel Bishop was granted land in the area of lower Chipoakes which was near Smith’s Fort. William Mason died intestate, and administration was requested by the relict, Joane on April 10, 1676. Division of estate ordered between wife Joane and daughter Elizabeth.
Neale Mason Isle of Wight
Neale Mason, among others, appraised of estate of Thomas Wilds in 1675 in Isle of Wight.
Edward Mason Isle of Wight
In 1704 Edward Mason was taxed in the 1704 Quit Rents for 150 acres in Isle of Wight. In 1727 in Isle of Wight, Edward Mason and George Lawrence witnessed the will of Christian Norsworthy which notes: son George; daughter Christian; daughter in law Elizabeth; cousin Elizabeth Scott: brother in law William Scott and William Outland; friend James Turner; daughter in law Martha to her uncle Charles Norsworthy.
James Mason of Charles City County, died 1679
Cheney Boyse was granted headrights for the import of 29 persons, in 1636 including John Mason, John and Joane Tomlinson. An examination of the Charles City County court orders for the period 1655-58;1668-61;1661-64;1664-64;1677-79 have the following notations regarding Thomas and James Mason. James Mason was listed among the headrights for land speculator Howell Pryse (Price/Prize) in 1663. Pryse had also listed a Henry Mason and William Mason in an earlier patent. It is difficult to know when or where these people actually arrived. Thomas Mason was listed among headrights by Captain Otho Southcott in 1672. Interestingly, Thomas Mason was also transported by Steven Hamlin in 1650.
On June 7, 1662, James Hardeway of Kermidges in Charles City County made over to John Stith all his property real and personal, and Stith agreed to keep Hardeway in good condition the balance of his natural life. The witnesses were George Spencer, Thomas Mason, Edward (his mark) Emerson, Robert (his mark) Craddock and William Alferde. This is the only notation for Thomas Mason in Charles City County.
In 1665 Daniel Clarke was ordered to render up to James Mason 7 ½ bbl corn wch the sd Mason laid up in the sd Clarks loft. Also that Clarke should allow Mason a discount of 708 lb. tobacco from debt due.
In 1677 the Charles City County order book notes that a case between Lidia Nowell and James Mason, defendant, concerning a servant was referred to the next Court. At the next court they both requested that impartial men be chosen to arbitrate the difference between them. Captain Robert Lucy, Captain Nicholas Wyatt and John Hamlin were chosen. A bond of 20,000 pounds of tobacco was required from each to assure they abided by the decision.
Also in 1677 James Mason was sued by John Hackly for defamation, claiming that Mason accused Hackley of hog stealing. Colonel Edward Hill arbitrated the disagreement. His ruling was John Hackley was an honest person with good report by his neighbors. Later, James and his wife were summoned as witnesses in a suit by Gilbert Plat against Bernard Sykes and subsequently confessed judgment to Lt. Daniel Clarke for the whole sum due from him to Mr. Gilbert Platt for the execution served on him.
Edward Gilley, Jr. who married Mary, the daughter of Roger Wamsley sued James Mason who had married Wamsley’s relict, for the division of Wamsley’s estate according to the will. It appears the Mary Gilley was first married to Robert Wamsley, and then to James Mason. I believe that it is safe to assume she was not the mother of the Mary Wamsley who married Edward Gilley, Jr.
The court ordered Mason to have a true survey made and the division completed within a month. Then Edward Gilley, Jr. claimed that the division had not been done according to his father-in-law’s will. Mr. Ligon made the plat and it was ordered that he deliver it to Gilley so he could compare the bounds. Mr. John Turner and Mr. Silvester Stokes were asked to accompany him and give an account to Colonel Daniel Clarke and Major John Stith.
In 1678 James Bisse testified regarding a plantation he purchased from Thomas Hallwood and then sold to Edward Gilley, Jr., who sold the plantation to James Mason. The witnesses were Charles Hamlin and John Frost.
James Mason and his wife Mary Gilley (Wamsley) died soon after the litigation with Edward Gilley, Jr. as the records of Charles City County note:
Several persons having pretended and desired the administration of the estate of James Mason lately dying intestate, some near relations, others pretending the deceased wish, and others creditors, the court wishing to be fair orders Colonel Edward Hill , High Sherriff, to take possession of the plantation and personal property of said Mason from possession of Mathew Tyler and Edward Lowe and that the personal estate be sold at outcry and security taken for things sold, that bills and inventory be returned to next court so that bills to be paid can be decided and remainder shall belong to Mary, the daughter of Mary Gilley who was the wife of the said Mason, deceased. Court to consider security for same to benefit the child.
In 1679 Ann Harris came to court showing that she was charged at the death of the mother of two orphan girls to take them. One she kept, but gave Dorothy Turner to Mary Mason, wife of James Mason. Mary having died, she was concerned with the future of Dorothy and asked the court to return her. The court agreed and Dorothy Turner went to live with Ann Harris.
Thomas Bodynell filed claims against Mason’s estate for 1407 lbs. of tobacco. Then Mr. John Drayton and John Smith, being Sherriff the previous year, levied against Mason’s estate for 125 lbs. of Tobacco for fees. Colonel Edward Hill assignee of Edward Sanderson had an order against Mason’s estate for 300 lbs of tobacco.
The court empowered Hill to sue and to receive debts due the estate and to pay all debts, deducting a 10% fee. Then judgment was awarded Mathew Tyler for work on the estate of James Mason for 2000 lbs. of tobacco. Mr. Richard Liggon was awarded 324 lbs against the estate of James Mason.
William Mason of London
In the records of Charles City County are letters written to Daniel Lewellyn from William Mason who had married Margaret Hallam, widow and mother of Thomas Hallam. He was also brother in law to Daniel Llewellyn who had married Ann, widow of Robert Hallam who held 1,000 acres. His son was a young Robert Hallam. Robert was sent to live with his aunt and William Heath in London and was there apprenticed to another in law named Wood. This was a family of Salters operating in London and Burham, Essex. They were associated with Arthur Bayley who transported their tobacco to England from Virginia.
The first letter was written in 1649 from London to Daniel Llewellyn regarding a debt owed to William and Margaret. In 1657 a different receipt was recorded in April stating that Daniell Lewellin the day and yeare above written full satisfacon (by ord’r and appointmt of my father in Law and my mothr mr Wm Mason and Margaret) for one bill of eight thousand seven hundred and fiftie pounds of tobbo and cask made to my sd mother sch is in full of all accts and reckonings betweene the sd Llewellin and my sd father and mother and my selfe from the beginning of the world to the present day Witnesse my hand and seale the day and yeare abovewritten. Signed and Delivered in the presence of Christopher Woddward, William Porter. This is the true copie of that discharge w’ch I have given to my uncle Llewellin as witnesse my hand Thomas Hallam June 25, 1657.
The records of St. Margaret, Westminster, London
Zachary on May 31, 1640; Elizabeth on March 4, 1643; John Mason on January 16, 1648.
In the records of Saint Clement Danes, Westminster is the marriage in June, 1605 of Sara Maxsonn (Mason) to Willyam Hallam.
The will of William Hallom, Salter, 1657: in the Name of God… I William Hallam of Burnham in the county of Essex, Salter, …to be buried in the parish church of Burnham in the place where my wife Ffrancis was buried … First I give unto Robert Hallam sonn of Robert Hallam late of Virginia one hundred pounds to be paid to him or intothe hands of some faithfull trustee … until he shall come to be of age or servd out his time… so long liveth with his Uncle (not readable) of Burnham…. And all my wearing apparel woolen and linen, books, shoes, and stockings and all my books except only Bachard S & Ross and the Turkish histories, excepting my best … suit and my best hatt… and it is my will Robert Hallam shall pay …to his two sisters in Virginia if living namely to Anna Hallom and Sarah Hallam … twelve pounds to be equally divided between the two….
Also noted was William’s sister Ann Lion wife of Thomas Lion, and their children Margaret, Marie, Thomas and James Lion; Robert Hallam the son of Thomas Hallam and Samuel, John, and James Hallam; brother John Hallam deceased who was survived by Marie, Hannah, Sarah, Martha Hallam, Thomas and John Hallam.
Item I give unto my brother William Mason twenty shillings and to my sister Margaret Mason of London fforty shillings and to Anna Woods the wife of … Wood, Salter in London ffive pounds and to Martha Mishall the wife of (missing) Mishal… Then William rendered in a subsequent item that these legacies were void and of no affect and not to be paid.
Samuel Mason of Surry County
Samuel Maget and Samuel Mason were taxed together in 1670 in Sunken Marsh, in Surry County. Samuel Maget acknowledged in July, 1690 that in 1654 he had placed 100 pounds Flemish money into the bank of the Orphans’ Court in Middleburrough in Zeeland (Holland) for himself and his children, Fortune Maget, now the wife of Edward Booky and Nicholas Maget, then 18. Samuel Magett and son were tithed in Surry in 1688. In 1690 it was Samuel, Nicholas and Edward Bookey in a household list for the Surry titheables. The will of Samuel Maget of Surry notes son Nicholas, daughter Fortune, his son in law, Edward Booky, and was filed in 1692.
John Mason of Surry died 1676
In 1662 John Mason served on a jury in Surry County with Allen Muggett, George Watkins, Charles Baugham, John Bruton, Andrew Robinson, Aust. Hunnicutt, Richard Drew, A. Long, Henry Braderton, George Carter, William Tuke (Tooke), Richard Jarrett and Michael A(?). (Book 1 p. 193) Also in 1662, John Mason with Thomas Culmer, Austin Hunnicutt, Richard Harris, John Bruton, Richard Drew, Richard Jarrott, John Hodge, Thomas Lane, John Phillips, Humphrey Brame, surveyed the land of Captain Thomas Adams and Roger Delk, deceased, according to Delk’s conveyance a survey by George Watkins, a witness. The same year, in November, John Mason sold a parcel of land at the head of Lawnes Creek on the west side of a dividend of land … to Pawley’s land, formerly belonging to Robert Parke. This land was sold to Richard Skinner and the witnesses were Michael Upchurch and George Watkins.
In the 1665 records of Charles City County is a notation that places James Mason and John Mason together. Wee whose names are underwritten sworne to enquire conc’ning the death of Edw’d Brureton serv’t to Mr. Daniell Clarke of the parish of Weynoke found dead in the woods by Richd Bradford Joyner and Charles Beale seaman on the 18th day of 9ber 1665, after view of the sd body on the 19th of this Instant November and strict enquiry made do find the sd Edwd Brureton to have been a sickly man, and diseased w’th the scurvey, sat downe to rest himselfe and fell asleepe and by the sd disease and the extremity of cold happening on the 17th of O’ ber aforesd dyed in the night and by this and no other meanes came to his end, w’ch wee deliver as our verdict. Wittnes our hands this 19th of 9 ber 1665. Sworne by e, Otho Southcott. Richd X Mosby, John X Warrener, Jo: Mason, Jeoffry X Montford, James Mason, Corel’ X Dehull, Neal X Cinclear, Richd X Blankes, James Cooper, Francis X Story, Henry X Blanks, Thomas Thwing.
In July, 1671 Mary Jones and William Davis were bound to John Mason for 4 years in Virginia, after their transport on the Trial, William Smith Master.
In March, 1660, in Martin Brandon Parish, Elinor, the wife of Thomas Mudgett was buried. His daughter Elizabeth had been baptized in January of that year. Then in April, 1663 Captain Francis Grey of Martins Brandon, Gentleman leased to Thomas Mudgett of the same place, 100 acres, part of a dividend seated by the said Grey, adjacent the land of Captain John Wall and land of said Grey, for 21 years. …And if the said Thomas Mudgett shall have issue Male or female by his now wife the daughter of the said Capt. Ffrancis Grey then the land to become Mudgett’s in fee simple. This was signed by Francis Grey and witnessed by Edward Hill and S. Hamelyn (Stephen). In October 1663, Thomas Mudgett sold George Archer 125 acres, part of land formerly belonging to Edward Dunston and now in possession of Thomas Webster, being in Henrico County adjacent the land of George Archer upon Apamatuck River. Signed Thomas Mudgett and witnessed by James Cruse, Charles Osborne, and Danniell Llewellyn. Not much later, Mr. William Bird obtained a judgement against Thomas for 423 lbs. of tobacco.
Thomas Mudgett witnessed a power of attorney from Richard Norman, of Charles City County, Martin’s Brandon, planter, to Francis (?) ((I suggest Gray). This was in 1664, and was recorded in Surry County. In 1672 Thomas Mudgett assigned all his right in a pyed cow to Frances (Gray?). This was witnessed by Richard Ward and Ann Tame. In 1673 Thomas was fined by the Charles City Court for losing his composure in the courthouse and causing a fight along with John Rudd, Nevit Wheeler and William Rawlinson. In 1674, Thomas Mudgett witnessed another power of attorney from William Rookeings to Elias Osbourne to confess judgement to Richard Hill for 1 barrel of salt porke. Also witnessing was Thomas Busby.
Captain Francis Grey was a Justice and Burgess. In 1653 Francis Grey had been granted 750 acres in Charles City County. He married Grace Singleton and they had six children, which she testified to when in 1665 she came to the court appealing for help because of the treatment she received from her husband. She stated they had been married twenty-four years and that he was poor when she married him, except for the good dower she brought him. She stated three of their six children were married. Grace and Francis Grey were also the parents of Elizabeth, Susannah Busby wife of Thomas Busby, and Peter Grey.
Anne Muggett (Muget)
John Mason died before 1675 and left a widow, Elizabeth. She was the daughter of Ann Muggett, but it is unclear if she was a Muggett. Her second husband was Thomas Clay. Clay was listed among the titheables in Lawnes Creeke in 1668. Thomas Clay had participated in 1673 in the unlawful meeting in Lawnes Creek regarding taxes which was attended by William Hancock, Robert Lacy, Mathew Swann, and others. They were prosecuted by Lawrence Baker and Robert Hancock, justices. In January, 1675 Thomas Clay and Elizabeth, his wife who was then 32, testified that John Spencer of Lawnes Creek lay sick at William Hancock’s house and deponent asked him how he would dispose of his estate and he said he would leave what he had to his sisters, Mary and Elizabeth. This places her birth in 1643.
The guardian accounts in Surry note on May 2, 1676 that Thomas Clay was appointed the guardian of the children of John Mason, deceased, with William Seward as security. Thomas Clay, was deceased by April 12, 1680. Elizabeth Mason Clay then married John Shugar (Sugar). John Shugar witnessed a deed in Surry County in 1679 with Robert Craford and Archibald Griffin for property located in Lawnes Creek Parish. In 1699 John Shugars was counted by James Mason in the 1699 tithes levy in Surry County. Listed with him was servant Katharine Sturges and Matt a negro.
In July 19, 1680 the marriage of Phillip Shelley, Sr. and Ann Mason was entered in the Surry County Order Book. The citation that Phillip Shelley had married Ann Mason was part of an acknowledgement by Phillip Shelley that John Sugar had satisfied the bond of Thomas Clay which Clay had issued to William Shelly. This release also stated that John Sugar had married Elizabeth Clay who had been granted the administration of Thomas Clay, her deceased husband at the March Court in 1679. In September, 1682, John Shugar, fully paid the orphan’s estates of John Mason, deceased, and the bond was discharged. John Shugar’s second wife was Elizabeth Swan, widow of John Drew. They resided in Isle of Wight County.
Phillip Shelley was a carpenter. He was noted as early as 1678 in Surry. In 1686 he was tithed in Lawnes Creek Parish. Phillip Shelley, Sr. and Phillip Shelley, Jr. were noted in the Surry tithes in 1699 and another son, John Shelley, was counted with them in 1701. In 1699 Phillip Shelley and Joseph Bridger witnessed a deed from Robert Flake and his wife for land they had purchased from Arthur Allen of Lawnes Creek, Surry.
In 1667, in January, Ann Muggett, aged 43 years, made a deposition which would make her birth year 1624. Thomas Muget was taxed for one in 1673 in Surry County. Then, in 1677 it is John Mugett who is taxed in Surry County. Then in 1678, the widow Muget was noted with John Muget and Allin Muget. Ann Muggett, widow, was tithed in 1679 in Surry County for James Johnson. In her will, probated in 1690, Ann Muggett includes as her legatees Phillip Shelley, Jr., and if he died his youngest brother John Shelley, Elizabeth Sugars, and granddaughter Ann Shelley and Phillip Shelley, Sr. It would appear Ann Muggett was likely the widow of Allen Muggett. She has often been confused with Ann Grey the wife of Thomas Mudgett, but the records do not support this. It is also very clear that she was not Ann Mason, as John Mason’s widow was named Elizabeth.
On May 28, 1695 Captain Henry Tooke complained that Phillip Shelly refused to take or pay for panels…for a church said Shelly was building. This was the third church of Lawne’s Creek Parish that was built near Bacon’s Castle. In 1700, Phillip Shelley of Surry and Sarah, his wife, daughter of John Wakefield, sold to Francis Lee of Isle of Wight 50 acres in Warrisqueake Bay, in Upper Parish.
In 1703 the will of Philip Shelley was filed in Surry County. The will was witnessed by Thomas Thropp, William Cockin, and Richard Taylor. It notes his daughter Elizabeth Fones. It also notes his daughter Ann who was at John Sugar’s house. His sons were Phillip, John, and Thomas. It also lists his wife Leviry and her children who received half of the estate. (Clearly this is a transcription error as his widow is Sarah. Or perhaps, given the way it is transcribed, it might mean wife livery, meaning saddles.) It was Sarah Shelley who signed the settlement of the estate in November, 1704. This was certified by William Cockin, Charles Jarret, and Richard Glover
Phillip Shelley, Jr. died in 1716. It notes his brothers John and Thomas and land purchased from Benjamin Chapman. It also leaves …wearing clothes, linen and woolens to be equally divided between John and Thomas Shelley, and Thomas Tilton, and Robert Fones. The witnesses were Mathew Fones, James Briggs, and William Bennet.
Captain John Mason, of Lynn and Virginia
In 1669, Master John Mason sailed out of London for Lynn aboard the Mary and Katherine of Lynn. Aboard were 6,485 lbs. of Virginia tobacco belonging to John Nicholls and Company. In 1671, Master John Mason of the Mary and Katherine sailed again from London to Lynn, this time with tobacco for Thomas Howlett and Company. A few months later he carried tobacco for Thomas Bolton. John Mason, Master, continued to captain a variety of ships plying the tobacco trade between Virginia, London, Lynn and other ports. At the same time a Hugh Mason was an active Merchant of London in Virginia tobacco.
John Mason, of Virginia, died 1678, London
Written July 7, 1678 and proved in London September 16, 1678: will of John Mason.
In the name of God Amen.
I, John Mason, being very sick and weake in body, but of perfect memory, thanks be unto God, doe make my last will & testament as followeth, to-wit: I bequeath my soule to Almighty God that gave it, hoping through the merits of our Savior Jesus Christ to obtain pardon for my sinnes & my body to the earth, desiring Christian burial. I give unto my loving wife Mary Mason & unto my son Thomas Mason & unto my daughter Elizabeth Mason all my whole estate in Virginia & elsewhere to be equally divided amongst them, & in case that my said wife should have been with child when I left her & that child be living, I then doe bequeath unto that child, an equal share it my wife & the other two children, before mentioned, I also do make my loving wife my sole executrix, and appoint my loving friends Mr. Thomas Nelson & Mr. John Dogge my overseers of this my will, as witness my hand & seale this 7 day of July, 1678, John Mason Signed & sealed before us Thomas Hone, Abell Clarke, Thomas George, Martin Salter, John Steward. Probated in London 16 Sep., 1678 by oath of Maria Mason, relict & executrix.
In 1677 Thomas Mason, age 25, made a deposition in Surry County
Thomas Mason Isle of Wight
Thomas Mason witnessed an indenture in June, 1662 between James Hardeway and John Stith. A deed filed in Southampton in 1760 notes that Thomas Mason patented land in 166 which he then sold to Edward Thelwell. Eventually this land came into the possession of Augustine Simon. A deed in 1679 noting the land of Thomas Mason, now in the possession of John Dotery, indicates this was located along the south side of Beaver Dam Branch. A deed filed in April, 1682 to John Bryan of Nansemond County on the southern branch of Nazimond beginning near Robert Johnson’s line to the line of Thomas Mason which land was granted Thomas Mason 8 Oct. 1672, etc. Then in 1731 a deed from Walter Bryan and his wife to Edward Taylor, for 200 acres on the southern branch of the Nansemond River notes it is adjoining Thomas Mason, plus 30 acres being part of the patent of Thomas Mason which was given to Walter Bryan by his brother Samuel in May, 1728.
Later, in 1745, William Moore and his wife Sarah of Nansemond County sold to John Hare 250 acres and then in 1748 John Butler 170 acres on the Southern Branch of Nansemond River which had been patented by Thomas Mason, March 19, 1666. The witnesses to the first deed were John and William Lawrence, and the witnesses to the second deed were Samuel Blow, James Bridger, and John Darden. Thomas Mason patented 200 acres in Isle of Wight and sold it in November, 1668 to Hauch Bolter, as noted in a deed in 1725 by John Bryan.
Captain John Mason, Isle of Wight and Nansemond County
On September 12th, 1644 Isle of Wight Vol. 1:420 Captain John Upton and Margaret his wife sold to John Mason, land patented by Upton adjoining William Wright, John Leveridge and John Herring. This places John Mason in Isle of Wight as early as 1644, indicating he was born around 1620 or earlier. The chain of title on this parcel held by John Mason is given in 1679. …Whereas Col. John Upton with consent of wife Margaret by deed 13 Aug. 1647, did sell to John Mason a certain parcel of land between William Wright, George Levering and John Herring, and it was by John Mason conveyed to Robert Duster, and when he died he left it in fee to his wife Alice who married Edward Palmer and they sold to Thomas Edson and now George Edson, son of Thomas, sells to Robert Coleman. 9 Nov. 1679.
John Mason patented 450 acres in March, 1647 formerly granted to William Mills in 1643. This was in Isle of Wight County.
On March 18, 1650 Thomas Parker patented 380 acres near Tapley’s Creek Isle of Wight County March 18, 1650 …beginning at a point of land called the Island near Tapscers Creek running S S Westerly to corner tree of Mr. Norsworthyes (Norsworthy) miles end. Transport of 8 persons: Thomas Parker, John Mason, Sarah his wife, Joan, Elizabeth, Thomas, and Francis, children; and Mary Daulding. This Parker family lived in what was termed Macclesfield, Isle of Wight, evidently after their residence in Cheshire County, Macclesfield Hundred. (Virginia Historical Magazine Vol. 6 pg. 420-24)
March 11, 1664 John Mason patented 300 acres in the upper part of Nansemond County adjacent to Gill.
On December 14, 1665 the testimony of Sarah Mason aged fifty seven years or thereabouts testified that Phillipp Duell was one and twenty years old being born in Warrisquick in November the last Massacre year. This would place Sarah Mason in Virginia in 1641 and her birth year about 1608. It may be that she was Sarah Parker or Sarah Daulding.
On May 1, 1661 John Mason patented 325 acres in Upper Norfolk County in the area that later became Nansemond County. This land was described as …on the south side of the West branch of Nancemum (Nansemond) river Beginning at a swamp side above the beaver Dams that is in James Foster & Andrew Bining’s land for the transport of 7 persons…. On March 11, 1664 John Mason patented an additional 300 acres in Nansemond County in the Upper Parish beginning at miles end of his own land and abutting on the land of Michael Gill for the transport of 6 persons: Mary Yeomans, Thomas Paine, Teague Wallis, Lawrence Petty, John Wallis, Susanna Knott.
A deed was filed in Nansemond County in 1675 for a plantation that originally was Michah Hill’s now Frances Sanders which was sold to John Lee: being adjacent land of Captain John Mason.
In 1680 the patent of Richard Sanders in the upper parish of Nansemond notes the land of Capt. John Mason and Michael Hill now Francis Sander’s. On October 21, 1684 is a patent for 300 acres in Upper Parish of Nansemond at the head of Captain John Mason’s in the Western Branch to James Howard. The neighbors noted were John Mason, Richard Sanders, Michael Hill (land now belonging to Francis Sanders), and Thomas Jernigan. Then in 1684 James Howard patented land in the upper parish of Nansemond at the head of Capt John Mason’s in the Western Branch, adjacent John Mason and other land of Richard Sanders.
This John Mason appears to be the father of Isaac Mason of Southampton and John Mason of Sussex County. He may also be the same John Mason who carried tobacco from Virginia to Lynn in Norfolkshire.
Isaac Mason was married to Catherine. In 1740 the land adjacent Isaac Mason on the North side of the Nottoway River and on the North side of Coscorow Swamp was noted. On September 2, 1742, Isaac Mason of Isle of Wight County deeded to John Mc Cunnant of Brunswick for ₤25 land on Flat Rock Creek patented by Isaac Mason on August 20, 1740. On October 10, 1752 Isaac Mason and Catherine his wife of Southampton to Lewis Joyner for ₤40 250 acres on the north side of Cabin Branch below the mouth of Small Branch… purchased by said Isaac Mason of Rowland Williams January 20, 1745. Deed Book 2: Pages 12-13: 14 Mar 1754: Isaac Mason to Benjamin Clifton, for ₤14100 acres on the north side of the Nottoway River adj. Robert Ricks, Lazarus Joyner, William Harris, and William Scott Jr (patent to sd. Isaac on 15 Sep 1752), Signed: Isaac (I) Mason, Wit: Thomas Clifton, William Kirby, and Joseph Bradshaw
Isaac Mason of Southampton left a will in 1759 noting nephew John Mason. This was John Mason the husband of Elizabeth Chappell. In September, 1759 Catherine Mason, widow and relict of Isaac Mason, deceased of Southampton County deeded to her nephew, John Mason of Sussex County all rights said Catherine had to land in Southampton County or anywhere else. The estate of Isaac was administered by Wiliam Simmons, Benjamin Clifton and Arthur Joyner in January, 1760. January 12, 1769 John Mason and Elizabeth Mason, his wife, deeded to Robert Scarbrough of Southampton for ₤96, 275 acres on North Side of the Nottoway River which belonged to Isaac Mason, now deceased which became vested in the said John as his heir at law. January, 1769 John Mason and wife Elizabeth, to Robert Scarbrough of Southampton 275 acres on the north side of the Nottoway River which belonged to Isaac mason now deceased which became vested in the said John Mason as heir at law.
Captain John Mason
On September 9, 1711 John Mason conveyed to Hannah Gee, widow 200 acres on the north side of Warwick Swamp in Prince George County. Evidently this was land which he inherited, as he is not listed in the 1704 Quit Rents. The deed to Hannah was not recorded until September 13, 1715 in Prince George County. This indicates Hannah contracted for the land in 1711 and fulfilled the contract 4 years later. In July, 1712, John Mason and E. Goodrich witnessed a deed filed in Weyanoke Parish for 130 acres from Thomas Chappell of Prince George County to John Lanyer (Lanier) also of Prince George County. This was land where John Lanier then lived, indicating he was likely renting the 130 acres. In May, 1714 John Mason sued John Perry. John Mason was deeded 80 acres in 1715 in Surry on the south side of the main Blackwater Swamp and the east side of Cotton’s Branch. Then in 1716, he obtained 180 acres on the south side of the main Blackwater Swamp adjacent Colledge. In the 1717 deed of Thomas Goodwyn for 425 acres in Surry County on Warwick Swamp the adjacent lands of James Jones, John Mason, James Gee and Robert Hunnicutt were noted as well as Cotton’s branch.
On March 3, 1725/6 Gilbert Ivey, originally from Surry County, sold 250 acres on the south bank of the Meherrin, to John Mason. This land eventually was included in Brunswick County. John Mason gave this land to his son Christopher Mason in 1750, describing it as land purchased of Gilbert Ivey.
A set of deeds draw together several interesting parties: John Mason of Surry County and the in-laws of James Mason of Surry, through his wife Elizabeth Duke.
On Dec. 17, 1723 (p. 529) John Hardyman and wife Henrietta Maria Hardyman, Francis Hardyman and wife Sarah Hardyman, Elizabeth Duke and Frances Greenhill sold to Nicholas Partridge …262 acres on the east side of Pigeon Swamp and bounded by Underground Branch and Richard Bland, deceased. Witnesses were John Mason, John Freeman, Jr., and William Raynes.
17 Dec. 1723(p. 529) John Hardyman and wife Henrietta Maria Hardyman, Francis Hardyman and wife Sarah Hardyman, Elizabeth Duke and Frances Greenhill to John Mason … 223 acres on the east side of Pidgeon Swamp and bounded by Cattail Branch and Richard Bland, deceased. Witnesses Nicholas Partridge, John Freeman, Jr. and William Rayne Recorded: 18 Dec. 1723 and again on 15 April, 1724.
On Dec. 17, 1723 (p. 532) John Hardyman and wife Henrietta Maria Hardyman, Francis Hardyman and wife Sarah Hardyman, Elizabeth Duke and Frances Greenhill sold to Nicholas Partridge …262 acres on the east side of Pigeon Swamp and bounded by Underground Branch and Richard Bland, deceased. Witnesses were John Mason, John Freeman, Jr., and William Rayne. Recorded Dec. 18, 1723 and April 15, 1724. A second recording of the first deed.
In 1731 John Mason, Jr. with William Doby witnessed a deed from William Griffin of Prince George County to John Edwards, tailor, of Prince George County for 150 acres on the south side of Josephs Swamp in Southwarke Parish, Surry County.
John Mason died in Surry County Virginia. He married Elizabeth who died in 1763. In 1728 John Mason was Sheriff of Surry and Vestryman of Albermarle Parish. On March 24, 1734/5 Mason patented 335 acres in Surry County on the south side of the main Black Water Swamp and the South side of Reedy Branch on Richard Bland’s line and John Ellison’s line. On September 22, 1739 John Mason, Gentleman, patented 388 acres in Brunswick County on both sides of the upper fork of Bears Element Creek by his old survey on the creek and Mason’s Creek.
John and Elizabeth were the parents of James, Daniel, David, Joseph, Christopher, Isaac, and John Mason.
The Children of John and Elizabeth Mason
James Mason was born November 1, 1717 in Surry County and died February 2, 1752 in Sussex County. Isaac Mason brought the news of his death to Reverend Willie for entry in the parish record. He married Mary who returned the inventory of his estate on September 16, 1752. James brought a petition against the Parish of Albermarle for an acre of church land on Jones Hole Swamp to build a mill in June, 1749, but it was dismissed. James and Mary were the parents of Elizabeth born in 1739 who died at the age of 11, James born in March, 1741/2, Mary, Sarah born in 1746, and Richard born in 1747, David born in November, 1749. Their son James evidently died in the Revolutionary War.
Daniel Mason was born around 1725. He married Elizabeth Winfield the daughter of John Winfield.
The children of Daniel and Elizabeth Winfield were:
Anne Mason married William Scott, son of James Scott and Elizabeth Pegram. Captain William Scott of Laurel Branch was the only child of James Scott, who fled to Virginia after the battle of Culloden. Their children were Winfield Scott who married Maria DeHart Mayo; James Scott who married Martha Pegram.
Winfield Mason received land from his father in February, 1772.
Mary Mason who married Henry Mason.
David Mason was born March 16, 1731 in Surry County. About 1751 he married Mary Eppes, the daughter of Francis Eppes. He was the Burgess of Sussex County from 1758 to 1775 and was present during the Virginia Conventions of 1775 and 1776. Colonel Mason served in the 15th Virginia Regiment in the Revolutionary War. David and Mary were the parents of Littlebury, Thomas, Nathaniel, Elizabeth, Frances, Mary, David, Henry, Littleton, Rebecca and William. His plantation was known as Shell Bank and was located in Sussex. In December, 1754 David deeded 300 acres to Benjamin Harrison of Surry County which had been conveyed to David by his father John Mason in a gift deed dated march 17, 1752. This land lay adjacent to Mason and Harrison. David died February 9, 1792. In 1839 a court for Greensville County ordered that the clerk certify that Colonel David Mason, who was a Revolutionary officer died intestate in the month of February, 1692 and that he left at the time of his death eight children to wit: Littleberry, Thomas, Nathaniel, Elizabeth, Mary, Rebecca, Littleton, and William.
Thomas Epes 26 Aug 1779/1 Feb 1780…Wife Betty Epes. Kinsman William Poythress, son of Joshua Poythress. Kinsman Richard Epes, son of Peter Epes. Kinsman Peter Epes, son of Peter Epes. Godson James Irby or his sister Lucy Irby. Godson Archibald Robertson. Sister MARY MASON. Niece Elizabeth Richardson, wife of Jordon Richardson. Niece Mary Mason. Niece REBECCA Mason. Kinsman Francis Epes son of Peter Epes. Goddaughter Sarah Epes,daughter of Peter Epes. Godson William Scott, son of Thomas Scott. Thomas Scott, son of Thomas Scott. Kinsman William Poythress, son of Joshua Poythress. Sister-in-law Martha Coleman. Nephew Thomas Mason. William Epes, son of Peter Epes. Peter Scott, son of Thomas Scott. Elizabeth Scott, daughter of Thomas Scott. Exors: Peter Epes, William Poythress and Archibald Robertson. Wit: Francis Stainback, Sarah Irby and Robert Young. (Acc23684 (Box 1) Letters and Papers of Capt. John R. Mason taken from “Some wills from the Burned Counties of Virginia”.)
Littlebury Mason was born in 1753 in Sussex. He married Rebecca Blunt. Littlebury died without a will. His children were William, Henry, Mary, Nathaniel, and David, who was the father of Eliza and Mary, the wards of their uncle, Henry Mason after David’s death.
Thomas Mason was born in 1755 in Sussex. He died without a will. He married Lucy Jones, then Martha Edmunds and finally Mary P. Johnston. His children were: James Jones; David; Benjamin; Elizabeth died no children; Mary Malone, son David Malone; Nancy Birdsong; children William and George Birdsong; Lucy Mason.
Nathaniel Mason was born in 1757 in Sussex. He died without a will. His wife was Judith Stewart and their children were David, William, Littlebury, Nathaniel, Elizabeth, Polly and Frank. Polly Jackson. Littlebury died and had one son, Richard. Elizabeth married three times. Her sons were Nathaniel, Thomas, Richard, and Williamson.
Elizabeth Mason was born in 1760 in Sussex. She married Jordan Richardson: children Polly, Nancy, Amey and Rebecca Richardson.
Frances Mason was born in 1762 in Sussex and died unmarried.
Mary Mason was born in 1769 in Sussex. She married Person Williamson. Her children were George M., Jesse, David, Thomas, Mary, William, Patsy, George M. children were Elizabeth, now Mrs. Murfree; Jane Stewart; Mildred P, William H., and Lafayette Williamson
David Mason was born in 1769 in Sussex.
Henry Mason was born in 1771, Sussex.
Littleton Mason was born in 1774 in Sussex. He married Frances Bynum and then Ruth Lundy.
Rebecca Mason Rebecca married Henry Williamson Their children were Henry, Littlebury, and William
William Mason died under age.
Joseph Mason died in 1749 in Sussex County. He married Pheobe Shands in 1740, the daughter of William Shands and Nazareth Roberts. The Surry County order book in 1751 to 1753 on page 19 notes: On November 19, 1751 John Ogburn, having married Phoebe, widow and relict of Joseph Mason, who died intestate leaving issue among others his eldest son and heir at law Seth, now an infant of very tender age, prays distribution of estate and his wife’s dower, by consent of said Ogburn as well as John Mason next friend to said Seth. The orphans of Joseph Mason are listed as Seth, Ann, John, and William on page 83 of the order book.
The children of Joseph Mason and Pheobe Shands were:
Seth Mason was born in 1741 in Sussex.
John Mason was born in 1743 in Sussex.
Anne Mason was born in 1744, Sussex.
William Mason was born in 1746 in Sussex.
Christopher Mason was born around 1721. He married Sarah Chappell the daughter of James Chappell and Elizabeth Howell. Christopher and Sarah first lived in Prince George County. Christopher Mason was deeded land in Brunswick County by his father in 1750. In 1761 he purchased 350 acres for ₤17 from Benjamin Pennington of Brunswick. Christopher deeded the 250 acre plantation where they had lived to William Edwards of Brunswick. In 1765 he was responsible for collecting tobacco tithes. He served as Sheriff and died there in 1777. In 1795 Sarah deeded to her son Christopher 150 acres for 40 shillings land that was adjacent to the late Joseph Mason.
The children of Christopher and Sarah Chappell were:
Sterling Mason was born in 1747 in Sussex.
Isaac Mason was born in 1748 in Sussex.
Joseph Mason married Elizabeth Watson
Elizabeth Mason married Speed
Sarah Mason married Randolph Newsom
Martha Mason married Henry Mason
Isaac Mason married Ann Pettway the daughter of Robert Pettway whose will in January, 1757 notes daughter Ann Mason, wife of Isaac Mason; granddaughter Mary Ann Mason; daughter Selah Lee, wife of Peter Lee; son Robert Petway, who received all his land; grandson John Mason, son of Isaac Mason; William Pettway, Jr. son of Edward Pettway, who received 25 acres of land on Rany’s Branch, and son Robert who received the residue of the estate. The witnesses were William Willie, Samuel Pete, and Edward Pettway.
The children of Isaac and Ann Pettway were:
John Mason was born in 1752 in Sussex. He married Elizabeth Peters.
Mary Ann Mason was born in Sussex. She married John Tuel, in 1771.
Elizabeth Mason, married Henry Hartwell Mariable on October 31, 1775.
Isaac Mason’s will, written in October,1757 and filed in February, 1758 gave his wife Ann her third of the estate, and son John 280 acres and the child Ann carried, if a son, 280 acres being the remainder of the estate. However, Ann delivered Elizabeth, in June, 1759 as the Albermarle Parish register notes her birth as the daughter of Isaac Mason, deceased. So, the entire 560 acres went to John Mason, who sold the land to Augustine Ogburne in 1779. Ann Pettway Mason married as her second husband Richard Lanier. Richard was the son of Sampson Lanier and Elizabeth Washington. The marriage bond was filed April 2, 1759. The deed in 1779 is from John Mason, his wife Elizabeth, and Ann Lanier for 1200 pounds, being the land devised to John Mason in the will of his father, Isaac Mason. This land was on the south side of the Nottoway River.
John Mason was born November 1, 1715. He married Elizabeth Chappell the daughter of James Chappell and Elizabeth Briggs. Elizabeth was born in 1723. On September 22, 1739 John patented 545 acres in Brunswick County on both sides of the great branch of the Nap of Read’s Creek by Mabry and Jone’s Path. He then patented 445 acres in Sussex County on the south side of Black Water Swamp adjacent Travis Griffis, Samuel Chappell, deceased, William Hall, Captain John Mason, the College line (North) and the said John Mason’s old Line. This was done November 12, 1759 for 30 shillings. This land was 180 acres formerly granted to John Mason by patent October 31, 1716, the right and title of which the said 180 acres became vested in the said John Mason, and 265 acres the residue never before granted. In November 1759 he obtained 104 acres in Brunswick County on the Nap of Reeds Creek adjacent his own land and Mabry for 10 shillings.
In 1740 John Mason was vestryman of Albermarle Parish and became a Major in the Militia in 1763. From 1777 to 1783 he was one of the Gentlemen Justices of Sussex County, which was partitioned from Surry County.
The children of John Mason and Elizabeth Chappell were:
John Mason was born in 1741, in Sussex and died in 1802 in Sussex. John married Elizabeth Gee. He informed that his wife died on August 21, 1763. He then married Jane Parham. Among their children were Elizabeth the wife of Benjamin Wyche and John Raines Mason who married Sarah Harrison Cargill.
Elizabeth Mason was born in 1742, in Sussex. She married Christopher Rives.
James Mason of Oak Spring was born in January, 1744 in Sussex. His godparents were Joseph Mason, Thomas Bridges, and Sarah Chappell. He married Elizabeth Harrison the daughter of John Harrison and Susanna Edmunds. His second wife, in October, 1777, was Rebecca Thweatt, the daughter of William Thweatt and Jane Parham. He was a captain of the Sussex Minutemen. On August 23, 1782, James and his wife, of Greensville sold to Thomas Jones of Sussex for ₤420 306 acres in St. Andrews parish, Brunswick County, purchased from Nathaniel Tatum. His will was filed in March, 1784 in Greensville County. His will was filed in St. Andrew’s parish, Greensville County. He noted his wife Rebecca and his three children, not yet 21, George, John, and Jane, and his sons Edmunds, John and Robert. He left Seth Hays 150 acres, William Adams, 50 acres, John Bockley 50 acres, Thomas Jones also received a bequest. His aged parents John and Elizabeth Mason were noted. He also asked Thomas Poythress who held a deed to land on the Meherrin that he had sold to James, to make the deed over to his brother, William Mason. The executors included his wife and brothers, John and William Mason, and William Harrison and Benjamine Jones. In 1784, Nathaniel Mason a first cousin to James sued Rebecca Mason, the widow, and John and William Mason, the brothers, as well as William Harrison, and Benjamin Jones, the executors of James Mason, deceased for debt. In Greensville County, the wills of Benjamine Jones, grandfather, in 1816 and Benjamin B. Jones, uncle in 1827 were filed.
Henry Mason was born in 1745, in Sussex. He married Mary Mason.
Rebecca Mason was born in 1746, in Sussex. She married Timothy Rives.
William Mason was born in 1748, in Sussex. He married Mary Gilliam.
Mary Mason was born in 1750, in Sussex. She married Achilles Jeffries.
David Mason was born August 16, 1752, in Sussex. He served as Lt. then Capt. in the 11th Virginia Regiment in the Revolution. He married on August 19, 1813 Lucy Davis. Served as Colonel of the Sussex County Militia after the death of his uncle, Colonel David Mason, in 1742. David was killed by Bob, one of his slaves. He lived near Waverly. His death was June 9, 1820. Joseph Mason administered his estate and paid Dick, servant of Mrs. Brigss for apprehending the murderer of Col. David Mason.
Benjamin Mason was born in 1754 in Sussex.
Lucretia Mason was born in 1756 in Sussex.
Joseph Mason was born in 1758 in Sussex. He died in 1790. Joseph died without children.
Mary Mason, married William Dancy. They were the parents of Ann, Elizabeth, Mary, Sarah, John, William, Benjamin, Archibald, and Francis Dancy.
Anne Mason married John Gilliam.
Rebecca Mason married Edward Stevens. They were the parents of Sarah, Elizabeth, Anne, and Mary Stevens. Rebecca’s second husband was Benjamin Moss and they were the parents of Frederick, John, William, David, and Patty Moss.